General Pico

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General Pico
Street of General Pico
Street of General Pico
Flag of General Pico
Flag
Coat of arms of General Pico
Coat of arms
Location in La Pampa Province
Location in La Pampa Province
General Pico is located in Argentina
General Pico
General Pico
Location in La Pampa Province
Coordinates: 35°40′0″S 63°44′0″W / 35.66667°S 63.73333°W / -35.66667; -63.73333Coordinates: 35°40′0″S 63°44′0″W / 35.66667°S 63.73333°W / -35.66667; -63.73333
Country  Argentina
Province La Pampa Province
Founded 11 November 1905
Government
 • Intendant Jorge Tévez (PJ)
Elevation 143 m (469 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 65,438
Time zone OAT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) OAT (UTC-2)
Postal code L6360
Area code(s) 2302
Website www.generalpico.gov.ar

General Pico is a city located in the north-east of La Pampa Province, Argentina. It has a surface of 2,555 km2 (986 sq mi). Is located at 143 m (469 ft) above sea level and inside the region of the Pampa Húmeda Llana (Flat-Humid Pampas). Its lands are fertile and usually apt for cattle raising and agriculture.

With a population of 53,352 (2001 census [INDEC]) it is the second largest city in the province after the provincial capital Santa Rosa, and it is the capital of the department of Maracó.

The crossing between the west and south railroads was a determinant point in the placing of this city, founded on November 11 by Eduardo Chapeaurouge. It was named after General Eduardo Gustavo Pico, who was governor of La Pampa Province, Argentina for three consecutive periods (1891-1899).

Between the most prominent activities developed in the region are the agropecuarian, producing meat that is renowned around the world and the agricultural who provide most of the grain consumed in the country.

It also has a very important section dedicated to factories and what is known as a Zona Franca, a customs free area where products can be imported and distributed to the rest of the country.

General Pico has two basketball teams in the Argentinian League: Pico Football Club and Independiente de Pico.

The city has its own airport.

Climate[edit]

General Pico has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) featuring hot summers and cool, dry winters. Winters are cool with a July high of 14.9 °C (58.8 °F) and temperatures below freezing are common, especially at nighttime.[1] During the summer, temperatures can be hot during the day, averaging 31 °C (87.8 °F) in January although nighttime temperatures are pleasant and cooler, averaging 16.8 °C (62.2 °F).[1] Spring and fall are transitional seasons with warm days and cool nights and are highly variable with some days reaching above 39 °C (102.2 °F) or below freezing.[1] The average annual precipitation is 933 millimetres (37 in), most of it being concentrated in the warmer months. The highest recorded temperature was 44.0 °C (111.2 °F) on December 28, 1971 while the lowest recorded temperature was −11.2 °C (11.8 °F) on July 10, 1988.[2]

Climate data for General Pico (1961–1990, extremes 1970–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.3
(108.1)
41.8
(107.2)
39.1
(102.4)
37.0
(98.6)
32.6
(90.7)
26.6
(79.9)
27.6
(81.7)
35.6
(96.1)
34.5
(94.1)
41.3
(106.3)
39.2
(102.6)
44.0
(111.2)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
30.0
(86)
26.9
(80.4)
23.1
(73.6)
18.9
(66)
15.0
(59)
15.1
(59.2)
17.6
(63.7)
20.2
(68.4)
23.0
(73.4)
26.6
(79.9)
30.0
(86)
23.1
(73.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.9
(75)
22.6
(72.7)
19.7
(67.5)
15.9
(60.6)
12.0
(53.6)
8.4
(47.1)
8.3
(46.9)
10.1
(50.2)
13.0
(55.4)
16.2
(61.2)
19.6
(67.3)
22.9
(73.2)
16.0
(60.8)
Average low °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
15.3
(59.5)
13.3
(55.9)
9.8
(49.6)
6.4
(43.5)
3.1
(37.6)
2.8
(37)
3.6
(38.5)
6.0
(42.8)
9.5
(49.1)
12.4
(54.3)
15.3
(59.5)
9.5
(49.1)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
2.7
(36.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
−8.3
(17.1)
−10.3
(13.5)
−11.2
(11.8)
−10.0
(14)
−7.4
(18.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−2.8
(27)
0.2
(32.4)
−11.2
(11.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 114.7
(4.516)
99.5
(3.917)
119.9
(4.72)
71.0
(2.795)
31.9
(1.256)
21.0
(0.827)
21.5
(0.846)
22.9
(0.902)
47.8
(1.882)
80.4
(3.165)
100.5
(3.957)
101.7
(4.004)
832.8
(32.787)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9 7 8 6 5 4 4 4 6 9 9 9 80
Average relative humidity (%) 61 65 71 74 76 79 77 69 64 67 63 57 69
Source #1: NOAA,[3] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows)[2]
Source #2: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (precipitation days)[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Argentina. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "General Pico, La Pampa". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved June 21, 2015. 
  3. ^ "General Pico Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Valores Medios de Temperatura y Precipitación-La Pampa: General Pico" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 

External links[edit]