General Secretary of the Communist Party

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General Secretary or First Secretary is the official title of leaders of most Communist political parties. When a Communist party is in power in a one-party state, the General Secretary is typically the country's de facto leader—though sometimes this leader also holds state-level positions (such as a presidency or premiership) in order to hold de jure leadership of the state as well.

Leaders of current Communist parties[edit]

Official title Incumbent Term start Other names
Danghui.svg General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China China Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping Sept. 19, 2012.jpg

15 November 2012 Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1922–25 & 1943–82)
WPK Emblem.svg Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea North Korea Kim Jong-un

Kim Jong-Un Sketch.jpg

17 December 2011 Chairman of the Worker's Party of Korea (1949–66)
General Secretary of the Worker's Party of Korea (1966–2011)
First Secretary of the Worker's Party of Korea (2012–2016)
LOGO PART COM CUBANO.svg First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba Cuba Raúl Castro

Presidente de Cuba, Raúl Castro, visita Salvador.jpg

19 April 2011
Flag of the Communist Party of Vietnam.svg General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam Vietnam Nguyễn Phú Trọng

Nguyen Phu Trong.jpg

8 January 2012 Chairman of the Workers' Party of Vietnam (1951–69)
First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam (1951–76)
General Secretary of the Progressive Party of Working People Cyprus Andros Kyprianou 21 February 2009
Flag of LPRP.svg General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party Laos Choummaly Sayasone

Choummaly Sayasone.jpg

21 March 2006 (1st term)
21 March 2011 (2nd term)
Chairman of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (1991–2006)
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Britain United Kingdom Robert Griffiths

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1 January 1998
КПРФ Logo.svg First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Russia Gennady Zyuganov

Gennady Zyuganov Crooped.png

14 February 1993
CPUSA Logo.svg General Secretary of the Communist Party USA United States John Bachtell

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15 June 2014

Leaders of former Communist parties[edit]

Official title Last Term end Other names
PCUS Emblema.svg General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev

RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg

24 August 1991 Technical Secretary of the Bolshevik Party (1917–18)
Chairman of the Secretariat of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) (1918–19)
Responsible Secretary of the RCP(b) (1919–22)
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–66)
Ppshsymbol1981.png General Secretary of the Albanian Party of Labour People's Socialist Republic of Albania Ramiz Alia 4 May 1991
POL PZPR logo.svg First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party Poland Mieczysław Rakowski

Mieczysław Rakowski.jpg

29 January 1990
General Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party People's Republic of Bulgaria Petar Mladenov

Petar Mladenov 1978.jpg

15 January 1990
Coat of arms of PCR.svg General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party Socialist Republic of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu

Nicolae Ceausescu.jpg

22 December 1989
SED Logo.svg General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany East Germany Egon Krenz

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1984-0704-400, Egon Krenz.jpg

3 December 1989
Mszmp.svg General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party Hungarian People's Republic Károly Grósz

Grósz Károly 1986.jpg

7 October 1989
Banner of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.svg General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea People's Republic of Kampuchea Pol Pot

PolPot.jpg

8 December 1981

See also[edit]

External links[edit]