General Tinio, Nueva Ecija

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General Tinio
Official seal of General Tinio
Nickname(s): Papaya
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of General Tinio
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of General Tinio
Gen. Tinio is located in Philippines
Gen. Tinio
Gen. Tinio
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°21′N 121°03′E / 15.350°N 121.050°E / 15.350; 121.050Coordinates: 15°21′N 121°03′E / 15.350°N 121.050°E / 15.350; 121.050
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Nueva Ecija
District 4th District
Founded 1921
Barangays 13
 • Mayor Ferdinand P. Bote
 • Total 533.08 km2 (205.82 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 42,634
 • Density 80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3104
IDD:area code +63 (0)44
Income class 1st class; rural

General Tinio is a first class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 42,634 people.[3] It was known as Papaya until 1957.

The town is at the foot of the Sierra Madre Mountains, adjoining the Fort Magsaysay Army Reservation on the east side. The current town Mayor is Ferdinand P. Bote


General Tinio is politically subdivided into 13 barangays consisting of:[2]

  • Padolina (Barangay 1)
  • Concepcion (Barangay 2)
  • Rio Chico (Barangay 3)
  • Pias (Barangay 4)
  • Nazareth (Barangay 5)
  • Bago (Barangay 6)
  • Poblacion West (Barangay 7)
  • Poblacion Central (Barangay 8)
  • San Pedro (Barangay 9)
  • Sampaguita (Barangay 10)
  • Poblacion East (Barangay 11)
  • Pulong Matong (Barangay 12)
  • Palale (Barangay 13)


According to the story passed on from one generation to another, the town got its name because of miscommunication between the natives and the Spanish colonizers. A native settler when asked by a Spanish soldier "Llama el pueblo?" replied "Papaya" referring to the particular fruit tree growing abundantly in the place (not understanding the Spanish language). The name stuck to the Spanish colonizers and the place from then on was called "Papaya".

Papaya was a sitio of Bo. Mapisong which was then a barrio of Gapan (now Gapan City). Bo. Mapisong became a town in 1851 changing its name to Peñaranda after a Spanish engineer Jose Maria Peñaranda. Papaya became one of its barangays. Papaya became a town on January 1, 1921, through the collaborative efforts of Capitan Mamerto Padolina who was then the Secretary of the Governor of the Province, Judge Segundo Bernardo and Francisco Padolina.

Congressman Celestino Juan sponsored a congressional act changing the name of Papaya to General Tinio in honor of General Manuel Tinio, a noble and prominent revolutionary leader against the Spaniards who hailed from the Nueva Ecija. The act was signed into law on June 20, 1957 as Republic Act No. 1665.[4] The new name of the town was inaugurated days later, on August 19, 1957.

Recently, the municipal council approved a resolution to rename the town back to its original name, "Papaya".

World War II[edit]

Beginning the outbreak of World War II, Japanese planes invaded the town of General Tinio during the Japanese Invasion on December 1941. Japanese soldiers entered the municipality on 1942 during the Japanese Occupation. During the occupation, the Japanese soldiers built a military garrison and concentration camp of the Imperial Japanese Armed Forces in the town.

The construction of the general headquarters and base camp of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was founded on January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946. The 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was founded again on October 28, 1944 to June 30, 1946 in the municipality of General Tinio. The local soldiers and officers of the Commonwealth Army, as well as the Constabulary sent military operations in Central Luzon and aided the guerrilla fighters and Hukbalahap Communist resistance against the Japanese from 1942 to 1945.

Some of the conflicts and insurgencies by the local guerrilla groups and Hukbalahap Communists aided the local Filipino troops and officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and incoming Philippine Constabulary 2nd Infantry Regiment units. Both forces fought side by side and attacked Japanese troops for fours year in 1942 up to 1945. After the conflicts and insurgencies, the guerrilla groups and Hukbalahap resistance retreated from the Imperial Japanese troops and the air raid pilots recaptured the town and before the liberation on 1944 and 1945.

The Allied Philippine Invasion Forces entered General Tinio in Nueva Ecija between 1944 and 1945, harassing the Imperial Japanese ground forces and aiding the Philippine Commonwealth ground troops and various guerrilla groups and the Hukbalahap resistance. When the local Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary liberated the municipality of General Tinio in Nueva Ecija, the two forces combined to defeat the retreating Imperial Japanese troops on 1944 to 1945.


Population census of General Tinio
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 29,491 —    
1995 32,913 +2.08%
2000 35,352 +1.54%
2007 39,356 +1.49%
2010 42,634 +2.95%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Local government[edit]

The following have led the town from its birth in 1921 to what it had become today.[5]

Commonwealth Era
President Vice-President Term
Cristobal Mangulabnan Vice Martin Ramos 1921–1922
Getulio Bote, Sr. Vice Martin Pajarillaga 1922–1925
Martin Pajarillaga Vice Marcos Bote 1925–1928
Severo Pajarillaga Vice Emeterio Abes 1928–1931
Pascual Rivera Vice Daniel Padolina 1931–1934
Melquiades Ronquillo, Sr. Vice Santiago Bolisay 1934–1937
Republic Era
Mayor Vice Mayor Term
Melquades Ronquillo, Sr. Vice Damaso Bolisay 1937–1940
Getulio Bote Vice Pedro Bulacan 1940–1944
Getulio Bote Vice Angeles Bote 1945
Gerardo Rivera Vice Angeles Bote 1946–1947
Gerardo Rivera Vice Diosdado Bote 1948–1951
Gerardo Rivera with Victorino Bote 1952–1955
Bienvenido B. Abes Vice Victorino Bote 1956–1959
Gerardo Rivera Vice Banaag Leodones 1960–1963
Santos Bote Vice Getulio Bote, Jr. 1964–1967
Mariano Ronquillo Vice Manuel Domingo January 1–15, 1968
Manuel Domingo Vice Perfecto M. Bote 1968–1971
Nicanor B. Aves Vice Alfonso Pajimna 1972–1980
Nathaniel Bote, Jr. Vice Venancio Bote 1981–1986
OIC Gerardo Rivera Vice Antonio Abes 1986–1988
Placido M. Calma Vice Bernardino R. Abes 1988–1995
Placido M. Calma Vice Elsa Bote 1995–1998
Virgilio A. Bote Vice Bernardino R. Abes 1998–2004
Isidro Tinio Pajarillaga Vice Indira P. Dayupay 2004–2007
Virgilio A. Bote Vice Marcelo B. Abes 2007–2010
Virgilio A. Bote Vice Ferdinand P. Bote 2010–2016
Ferdinand P. Bote Vice Atty. Melvin P. Pascual 2016–Present


Farming is the livelihood of majority of the residents. Even though located at the foot of the Sierra Madre Mountain Ridges, the topography is generally plain ideal to agricultural products such as palay and vegetables. A number of poultry broiler contract growers are located in the municipality. Other industries include furniture and fixtures, backyard poultry, cattle and livestock, vegetable production and minor agricultural livelihoods like duck raising. "Ikmo" or betel leaves production is one dying symbol of the town. The practice of chewing betel leaves by the older generation was not adopted by the younger generation even though of its reported natural anti-cancer formula.

The remittances of numerous sons and daughters of Papaya abroad also help keep the economy of the town afloat. Papayanos can be relied to answer calls of assistance for the town's development.

Minalungao National Park is also one of the biggest attraction of the town catering tens and hundreds of thousands each day.


Roman Catholic is the most prevalent religion, with Iglesia ni Cristo, Baptist, Methodist, and others attracting its own followers. The town's patron saint, San Isidro de Labrador is being feted every May 12.

The town is best known for having the most number of brass bands in the Philippines with 15 organized bands. These bands are sought after to enhance entertainment ambience in fiestas and other traditional rites such as wakes. The Family band is the most popular one and have produced champions in majorette exhibition, solo flute competition, solo clarinet competition, solo trumpet competition, French horn competition, etc., in national brass band competitions.

The town also has other places of interest notably Minalungao National Park which is a favorite swimming destinations in summer, specially during Black Saturday when it is usually filled with local bathers and visitors. Minalungao, literally meaning "mine of gold in a cave", has several caves which can explored. The river also has a portion where a stone ledge located about 15 meters high from the river can be used as spring board.

Papaya Festival is also celebrated coincide with its Foundation Anniversary, Parade of different school students around the town wearing colourful costume inspired by the fruits Papaya which this town got its name until it was change to General Tinio


General Tinio National High School is the most beautiful school in the town and one of the biggest in the province.

It also bags a ton of awards in major tournaments, competitions and in Nueva Ecija Provincial Jamborees.

Also, it was/is the home of the most beautiful and smartest graduates and students in the province.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  4. ^ "An Act Changing the Name of the Municipality of Papaya in the Province of Nueva Ecija to General Tinio". Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  5. ^ "Elected Officials of General Tinio 2013-2016". 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 

External links[edit]