General Zaragoza, Nuevo León

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The location of the Municipality of Zaragoza in the Mexican state of Nuevo León.

General Zaragoza is a municipality and town of the northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo León. It is located in the south-eastern part of the state. The town is at 23°58′25″N 99°46′23″W / 23.97361°N 99.77306°W / 23.97361; -99.77306. The municipality has a total area of 508 square miles (1,315 km2) and had a population of 5,942 in 2010. Most of the population lives in the town of Zaragoza. The elevation of Zaragoza is 4,520 feet (1,379 m).[1] Zaragoza is bordered by Aramberri, on the south and east by Hidalgo, Tamaulipas, and on the west by Doctor Arroyo.

Zaragoza is named in honor of General Ignacio Zaragoza who fought against the French invaders at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862.

History[edit]

The original inhabitants of the Zaragoza region were nomadic Indian bands the Spanish called Negritos or Bozalos and Janambres. In 1626, a Franciscan priest, Lorenzo Cantú from the convent at Charcas, followed a group of Indians to the valley of the Rio Blanco where he founded the Misión de San Josè del Rio Blanco near the site of Zaragoza. In 1866, the municipality of Villa de General Zaragoza was created by the government.[2]

Geography and climate[edit]

Zaragoza is at the head of the semi-arid valley of the Rio Blanco (White River), the uppermost part of the Soto La Marina River system. Some of the highest mountains of the Sierra Madre Oriental are in the Zaragoza municipality. Cerro Zaragoza which rises to 11,352 feet (3,449 m) is three miles northeast of Zaragoza town. Cerro Peña Nevada, 11,682 feet (3,562 m) is nine miles southwest of Zaragoza town, just across the border in Tamaulipas.[3] Pine and Oak forests cloak the mountains. One to two miles south of town are three waterfalls—15, 20, and 25 meters high (49, 65, and 82 feet high) -- which are tourist attractions.[4]

In a semi-arid zone with precipitation at most locations less than 20 inches (500mm), Zaragoza is well-favored with rainfall with 28.7 inches (730mm) annually. Some of the mountains around Zaragoza receive more precipitation, including snow at higher elevations, than the town and valley. Zaragoza Este, one mile east of the town, at an elevation of 5,830 feet (1,777 m), receives 49.2 inches (1250 mm) of precipitation annually.[5] Throughout the area most precipitation falls in the summer. The rainy season usually begins at the end of April and continues until the end of September. In the region around Zaragoza, August and September are usually the rainiest months. Temperatures are normally mild, although occasional days are very hot and the temperature falls below freezing several times each year.

Climate data for General Zaragoza, Nuevo Leon (1978-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.0
(98.6)
39.0
(102.2)
43.0
(109.4)
43.0
(109.4)
49.0
(120.2)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
43.0
(109.4)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
21.2
(70.2)
23.5
(74.3)
24.1
(75.4)
27.8
(82)
27.7
(81.9)
26.7
(80.1)
27.4
(81.3)
25.1
(77.2)
23.5
(74.3)
22.1
(71.8)
19.5
(67.1)
23.9
(75)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
13.9
(57)
16.4
(61.5)
17.3
(63.1)
20.3
(68.5)
20.4
(68.7)
19.7
(67.5)
20.1
(68.2)
18.6
(65.5)
17.1
(62.8)
15.3
(59.5)
13.2
(55.8)
17.0
(62.6)
Average low °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
6.6
(43.9)
9.2
(48.6)
10.4
(50.7)
12.9
(55.2)
13.1
(55.6)
12.7
(54.9)
12.8
(55)
12.1
(53.8)
10.6
(51.1)
8.4
(47.1)
6.9
(44.4)
10.1
(50.2)
Record low °C (°F) −9
(16)
−9.0
(15.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
0
(32)
1.0
(33.8)
4.0
(39.2)
1.0
(33.8)
1.0
(33.8)
0
(32)
2.0
(35.6)
−7.0
(19.4)
−10.0
(14)
−10.0
(14)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.0
(0.787)
14.0
(0.551)
17.0
(0.669)
47.0
(1.85)
181.0
(7.126)
92.0
(3.622)
58.0
(2.283)
117.0
(4.606)
95.0
(3.74)
18.0
(0.709)
17.0
(0.669)
19.0
(0.748)
730.0
(28.74)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.6 1.8 2.0 4.6 8.1 8.0 6.9 8.8 8.6 4.6 2.4 3.6 62.2
Source #1: Weatherbase: Zargoza, Nuevo León[6]
Source #2: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (normals)[7][8]

The climatic classification of Zaragoza is Bsk (Koppen) and Bsak (Trewartha). Higher elevations near the town are cooler and more humid, some becoming Cw climates.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nuevo León" Instituto Naciona de Estadistica y Geographia http://www3.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/mexicocifras/default.aspx?e=19, accessed 23 Feb 2013
  2. ^ Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de Mexico "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2007-03-19. , accessed 24 Feb 2013
  3. ^ Google Earth
  4. ^ "El Rio Blanco", http://www.sabinashidalgo.net/articulos/de-solares-y-resolanas/7048-el-rio-blanco, accessed 24 Feb 2013
  5. ^ "Zaragoza-Este, Nuevo León" Weatherbase. http://weatherbase.com
  6. ^ "Travel Weather Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  7. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved February 19, 2013. 
  8. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981-2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Comision Nacional Del Agua. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 2, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2013. 

Coordinates: 23°52′N 97°53′W / 23.867°N 97.883°W / 23.867; -97.883