General classification in the Giro d'Italia
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|Given for||Winner overall classification|
|Local name||Maglia Rosa (Italian)|
|First award||1909 (first pink jersey in 1931)|
|Editions||97 (as of 2014)|
|First winner||Luigi Ganna (ITA)|
|Most wins|| Alfredo Binda (ITA)
Fausto Coppi (ITA)
Eddy Merckx (BEL)
|Most recent||Alberto Contador (ESP)|
The general classification in the Giro d'Italia is the most important classification of the Giro d'Italia, which determines who is the overall winner. It is therefore considered more important than secondary classifications as the points classification or the mountains classification.
In the first editions of the Giro d'Italia, a points system was used for the calculation of the general classification, but since 1914 a time system is used. All stage results are added together, taking into account time bonuses for high finishes and intermediate sprints, and time penalties for breaking the rules.
The color pink was chosen because La Gazzetta dello Sport, the sports newspaper that created the Giro, was printed on pink paper. In comparison, the leader of the general classification in the Tour de France is awarded a yellow jersey, which originally corresponds with the yellow newsprint of L'Auto, the newspaper that created the Tour de France.
- Farrand, Stephen (27 April 2013). "Giro d'Italia 2013: A gallery of historic pink jerseys". Cycling news. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 27 April 2013.