Departmental councils (France)
The departmental councils (French: conseil départemental [sing.], conseils départementaux [plur.]) of France are assemblies of the departments. Elected by universal suffrage, they were called general councils (conseil général [sing.], conseils généraux [plur.]) prior to March 2015.
The law of 22 December 1789 required the establishment of an assembly in each department, known as the council of the department. This law was repealed on 4 December 1793; it was restored as the "law on the division of the territory of the Republic and its administration" on 17 February 1800, in which, "General Council of the departments" were formed. At this time, the name "General Council" was also used by town and district councils.
The members of the general council were not elected until 1833; they started to be elected by universal suffrage in 3 July 1848. The first female president of a department council was Évelyne Baylet in Tarn-et-Garonne in 1970. Until the law of decentralisation of 2 March 1982, the department prefect also served as the department's state representative and the department executive; since 1982, the president of the council has been the department's executive body. Law 175 of 26 February 2008 states that there must be at least a single candidate of each gender in a department council election.
List of the presidents of the departmental councils
The president of a department council has a maximum allowance of €5441 per month, the vice-presidents has a maximum allowance of €128.83-725.44, members of the standing committee have maximum allowances of €672.65-927.13, and departmental advisors have maximum allowances of €1501-2,626 per month.
- Ministère de l'intérieur, Les élections départementales : comprendre ce qui change (in French), retrieved 2015-07-30
- "Law of 22 December 1789" (PDF). National Assembly. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Law of 28 Pluviose year VIII" (PDF). U-Picarde. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Les institutions administratives de la France de 1789 à 1800". University of Burgundy. 1988. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Baylet. Women and Power". Senate of France. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Law 82-213 of 2 March 1982 on the rights and freedoms of communes, departments and regions". Legifrance. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- Law No. 175 of 26 February 2008 o facilitate equal access of women and men to the mandate of General Counsel.
- Circular of 9 October 2008 setting maximum allowances for local elected 1 October 2008. Government of France.