Generalissimus of the Soviet Union

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Generalissimo of the Soviet Union
Генералиссимус Советского Союза
Rank insignia of генералиссимус Советского Союза.svg
Proposed uniform epaulette
Country  USSR
Service branch Communist star.svgSoviet Armed Forces
Rank General officer
NATO rank Six-star rank
Formation Proposed
Next higher rank None
Next lower rank Marshal of the Soviet Union
Admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union

Generalissimo of the Soviet Union (Russian: Генералиссимус Советского Союза; Generalissimus Sovétskogo Soyuza) was a proposed military rank created on 27 June 1945, following the tradition of the Imperial Russian Army. It was granted to Joseph Stalin following World War II; however, Stalin refused to officially approve the rank. It would have been the highest military rank in the Soviet Union.

Overview[edit]

This military rank was specifically created for Joseph Stalin. However, according to Stalin biographer Robert Service, Stalin regretted allowing himself the ostentatious military title, and asked Winston Churchill to continue to refer to him as a marshal instead.[1] Stalin also rejected any kind of distinctions between his military rank and the other Soviet marshals, and kept using the original Marshal of the Soviet Union insignia and uniform like the other Soviet marshals.[2]

The matter about Generalissimo of the Soviet Union was mentioned again after the war, when a draft of a decree about the Soviet military ranks was presented to Stalin. Then, General Andrey Khrulyov – director of the General Department of Logistics – was given the task to design the uniform of the Soviet Generalissimo for Stalin to use in the victory parade on 9 May 1947. The uniform was finished and presented to Stalin one week before the parade.

After examining it, Stalin again expressed dissatisfaction. Then he took hold of the decree about the Generalissimo rank and declared: "I will never sign this decree. The Soviet Red Army only has Marshal as its highest rank." Thereafter, the subject of new rank was never raised again.[3]

Fabricated samples were rejected by Stalin, who considered them to be too luxurious and old-fashioned. Currently they are stored in the Central Museum of the great Patriotic war located in Moscow at Poklonnaya Gora.

Below are the projects of shoulder insignia of Generalissimo of the Soviet Union.

Sequence of ranks
lower rank:
Marshal of the Soviet Union
(Маршал Советского Союза)
Red Army Badge.svg
Generalissimus of the Soviet Union
(Генералиссимус Советского Союза)
higher rank:
None
(Highest)
Admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union
(Адмирал Флота Советского Союза)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Service, Robert (2005). Stalin: A Biography. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. p. 548. ISBN 978-0-674-01697-2.
  2. ^ S. M. Shtemenko. The General Staff in the War Years. Moskva. 1985. Vietnamese version (vol. 2) . pp. 587–588.
  3. ^ S. M. Shtemenko. The General Staff in the War Years. Moskva 1985. Vietnamese version (vol. 2). pp. 587–588.

External links[edit]