Geneseo, Illinois

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Country United States
State Illinois
County Henry
Coordinates 41°27′0″N 90°9′12″W / 41.45000°N 90.15333°W / 41.45000; -90.15333Coordinates: 41°27′0″N 90°9′12″W / 41.45000°N 90.15333°W / 41.45000; -90.15333
Area 4.39 sq mi (11 km2)
 - land 4.39 sq mi (11 km2)
 - water 0.01 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 6,586 (2010)
Density 1,607.0 / sq mi (620 / km2)
Founded 1836
Mayor Nadine Palmgren
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 61254
Area code 309
Location of Geneseo within Illinois
Location of Geneseo within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Geneseo, Illinois

Geneseo is a city in Henry County, Illinois, United States. The population was 6,586 at the 2010 census,[1] up from 6,480 at the 2000 census. Geneseo is located 20 miles east of The Quad Cities.


Geneseo is a variation of the Native American word Genesee, meaning "shining valley" or "beautiful valley".[2]


According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 4.39 square miles (11.4 km2), of which 4.39 square miles (11.4 km2) (or 100%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) (or 0.23%) is water.[3]

Notable attractions[edit]

Atkinson Hall

Geneseo is known for its Victorian style homes, historic architecture, many parks, and friendly hometown atmosphere.

Geneseo has many mature maple trees lining their boulevards which provide a spectacular fall color show. The city is home to the Maple Leafs football team which has won many state championships. On Tuesday nights throughout the summer, various Geneseo civic groups host ice cream socials in the city park with the Maple City Band as well as other local music groups playing music in the city's bandshell. On Father's Day weekend, Geneseo celebrates an annual Music Festival which includes various music groups, parade, ice cream social, as well as arts and craft vendors in the city park. During the month of December, Geneseo hosts an annual "Christmas Walk." Until 2008 the annual "Christmas Walk" was known as the "Victorian Walk."[4] Downtown businesses offer in store hospitality and feature live window displays depicting holiday traditions from different decades, 2008 will feature the 1940s.

This town is also home to two gun manufacturing companies, Springfield Armory, Inc. and Armalite.[5] Springfield Armory, Inc. is currently owned and operated by the Reese family.[6] Founded originally by Mark Westrom,[7] Armalite is now owned by Strategic Armory Corps out of Phoenix, Arizona[8] but the manufacturing still remains in town.

The high school team is well known for its football and music program. The Geneseo Maple Leafs have won the State Championships 4 times in football, with 6 second-place state finishes, along with 6 State Championships in music.[9]

The 105-mile (169 km) Hennepin Canal Parkway State Park, which runs through five counties, passes just north of Geneseo.[10]


The city government is organized under an Aldermanic form. The Mayor is elected at large for a two year term. The Mayor (Nadine Palmgren) serves as Chief Executive Officer and also Presiding Officer over the City Council of Geneseo. The City Council consists of eight aldermen representing four individual wards. (Ward 1, Justin Snodgrass and Carl Freeman- Ward 2, James Roodhouse and Robert Wachtel - Ward 3, Keith Kennett and Howard Beck - Ward 4, S. Jason Robinson and Douglas Crow)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,794
1870 3,042 69.6%
1880 3,518 15.6%
1890 3,182 −9.6%
1900 3,356 5.5%
1910 3,199 −4.7%
1920 3,375 5.5%
1930 3,406 0.9%
1940 3,824 12.3%
1950 4,325 13.1%
1960 5,169 19.5%
1970 5,538 7.1%
1980 5,780 4.4%
1990 5,995 3.7%
2000 6,480 8.1%
2010 6,586 1.6%
Est. 2014 6,537 [11] −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 6,480 people, 2,707 households, and 1,810 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,607.0 people per square mile (620.8/km²). There were 2,854 housing units at an average density of 707.8 per square mile (273.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.56% White, 0.19% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population.

There were 2,707 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,760, and the median income for a family was $51,455. Males had a median income of $38,990 versus $22,794 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,115. About 3.3% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.


The old South Side School

Geneseo Community Unit School District 228 is the school district responsible for providing public education for children in the city.

Notable people[edit]


External links[edit]