Geneva County massacre

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Geneva County massacre
Map of Alabama highlighting Geneva County.svg
Location of Geneva County within the state of Alabama
Location Geneva and Samson in Geneva County, Alabama, United States
Date March 10, 2009 (2009-03-10)
c. 3:30 p.m. – 4:17 p.m.[1] (EST)
Attack type
Mass murder, spree shooting, arson
Deaths 11 (including the perpetrator)[3]
Non-fatal injuries
Perpetrator Michael Kenneth McLendon

The Geneva County massacre occurred in southern Alabama on March 10, 2009. In the incident, ten people were killed in a shooting spree by Michael Kenneth McLendon, 28, in three small communities in two counties: Kinston in Coffee County, and Samson and Geneva in Geneva County. Five of his victims were family members, starting with his mother, and two were children. After engaging in an exchange of fire with police, McLendon committed suicide, bringing the total number of dead to eleven in the related incidents.[3] Officials at the time said this was the worst shooting event in Alabama history.[5] McLendon was said to have been depressed about lack of work; in a note he said that his mother's family was not giving her enough support.

McLendon first killed his mother and burned down her house in the town of Kinston; at Samson he killed his maternal grandmother, uncle, two cousins and others, and wounded six.[6] When law enforcement reached him, McLendon was dead from a gunshot; initially it was unclear whether the shot was self-inflicted.[7] Later reports said he committed suicide.[8]


McLendon began his attacks about 3:30 p.m. on March 10, 2009 at his mother's house where they lived in Kinston, a town of 540 residents. McLendon shot and killed his mother and their three dogs, and set the interior of the house on fire. He drove to his uncle's house in the small city of Samson, population about 2,000. There he shot his uncle, two cousins, and a neighbor and her infant daughter, all of whom were sitting on the porch of his uncle and aunt's house. His aunt escaped the shooting uninjured because she was inside the house, while the neighbor's four-month-old daughter survived her gunshot wounds. McLendon went next door and shot and killed his maternal grandmother.[9]

McLendon left his grandmother's home and started driving, shooting at people from his car. The first to die was 43-year-old Sonya Smith, a gas station attendant. McLendon next shot and killed Bruce Malloy, a 51-year-old motorist who drove past him. The last fatality was 24-year-old James Starling, whom McLendon shot in the back as he tried to get away. McLendon also shot and wounded four other persons trying to escape his attack.[9] He drove along Highway 52 toward Geneva, continuing to shoot from his car, and eventually leading police on a 24-mile chase.

Law enforcement officers at one point used the PIT maneuver on the suspect's car, but he shot at them with an assault rifle, wounding Geneva police chief Frankie Lindsey in the arm, and kept going. McLendon reached Reliable Building Products, owned by Ruskin Company, where he had worked in 2003. After engaging in a shootout with police, he committed suicide inside the building. He had so much ammunition in his car that he appeared to have intended to kill many more people.[10]

The shooting spree lasted about an hour before McLendon was found dead at 4:17 p.m.[1] He was found to have been armed with a Soviet-made SKS and a Bushmaster. He also had at least one .38 caliber pistol, police said. He fired more than 200 rounds, police said at a news conference."[9] A large amount of ammunition was found in his car.[9]


Among the victims were the suspect's mother, and relatives from his maternal side: grandmother, uncle, and two cousins, as well as Andrea and Corinne Myers, the neighbor wife and daughter of the deputy sheriff, Josh Myers. Only the four-month-old Ella Myers, who was wounded, survived McLendon's shooting of the people sitting on the porch. Myers' four-year-old son was in the house, but survived unharmed. His uncle and aunt had largely raised McLendon. His victims ranged in age from 18 months to 74 years old.[11]

In addition, McLendon shot from his car after he fled, killing strangers. According to a local police officer:[12]

Alabama officials said this was the worst mass shooting event in the state's history.[5] The victims were:[13]

  • Lisa White McLendon, 52, Michael McLendon's mother, killed at her home in Kinston
  • James Alford White, 55, McLendon's uncle, killed at the White home in Samson
  • Tracy Michelle Wise, 34, daughter of James White, McLendon's cousin, killed at the White home
  • Dean James Wise, 15, son of Tracy Wise, McLendon's cousin, killed at the White home
  • Andrea Dawn Myers, 31, neighbor of the Whites, killed at the White home
  • Corrine Gracy Myers, 18 months, daughter of Andrea Myers, killed at the White home
  • Virginia E. White, 74, McLendon's grandmother, killed at her home in Samson
  • Sonya Lolley Smith, 43, killed at a gas station in Samson
  • Bruce Wilson Malloy, 51, killed at Samson
  • James Irvin Starling, 24, killed at Samson


Michael McLendon

Michael Kenneth McLendon (September 19, 1980 – March 10, 2009) was born in southern Alabama to Lisa McLendon (née White) and her husband. After his parents divorced, he was largely raised by his aunt and maternal uncle, Phyllis and James White, of Samson, Alabama.[14] He attended local schools. An "A" student in high school, he was known for being quiet; he graduated in 1999.

Unmarried, McLendon lived with his mother at her home in Kinston. This area of southern Alabama has had a depressed economy following the relocation of textile jobs overseas years ago. McLendon's work history showed a pattern of short tenure at jobs. He worked briefly with the police department in Samson, but failed to complete basic training at the state academy, washing out after a "week and a half."[1] He had worked at the Reliable Products warehouse in Geneva, where he was asked to leave in 2003.[15] He and his mother had worked at Pilgrim Foods, a poultry plant, and had filed suit with other workers when they were suspended in 2006.[9]

Most recently, McLendon worked at Kelley Foods, a sausage factory, but quit the job abruptly the Wednesday before the shootings. Supervisors there said that he was a team leader and well-liked.[15]


Witnesses said that McLendon was disturbed by his parents' divorce years ago, and had been depressed about his failure to start a career, disappointed that he had failed to qualify for the U.S. Marines or law enforcement.[1] He had recently complained that his mother was not getting enough support from her family. At the time of the shooting, officials did not know where his father was.[14] Detectives discovered a handwritten list by McLendon in his home which identified several people from previous jobs, with notations about their actions or comments against him, described as people who "had either disciplined him or had reported him to supervisors for work related infractions".[15] The Alabama Bureau of Investigation noted that none of the people named in the list was among those he killed,[9] but police were trying to determine if he had intended to attack them.[16]

Investigators found a letter in which McLendon said he had killed his mother and planned to commit suicide. The letter also noted he was having a dispute over a legal issue with his mother's family, as they held a family Bible that he wanted.[17] He said that he and his mother had "suffered enough".[18]

McLendon was described as very familiar with guns. The investigators "found dozens of ammunition boxes, military and survival gear and medical supplies at McLendon's Kinston home".[1] McLendon killed ten people and three dogs, and wounded six others during the shooting spree before killing himself.[16]

Federal troops[edit]

In response to a request for assistance from the Geneva County Sheriff's Office and Samson Police, Army officers ordered federal troops from nearby Fort Rucker to be deployed to the streets of Samson. They manned traffic stops and guarded a makeshift morgue. An Army investigation later determined this action to be in violation of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits federal troops from performing civil law enforcement actions. The Army took administrative action against at least one officer.[19]


The Andalusia radio station WAAO-FM organized a fund-raising event to benefit the victims' families. Their goal was $10,000 with the event; more than $47,000 in cash, plus donations of caskets and concrete vaults for each of the victims, brought the total value of donations to more than $100,000.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Sadeed, Ahmed; Dave Alsup (2009-03-11). "Gunman in Alabama slayings was briefly a police officer". CNN. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  2. ^ "Assault Weapons, Weak Gun Laws Enable Dangerous People Like The Alabama Man Who Killed 10". Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2009-03-11. Retrieved 2010-02-02. 
  3. ^ a b "5 dead in Alabama shooting; FBI to assist investigation". CNN. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  4. ^ Officials Identify Alabama Gunman, The New York Times (March 11, 2009)
  5. ^ a b "Michael Kenneth McLendon", New York Times, 11 March 2009, accessed 29 December 2012
  6. ^ Gresko, Jessica; Desiree Hunter (2009-03-10). "Alabama Shooting Spree Leaves 10 Dead, FBI To Investigate". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  7. ^ "Officials: Gunman, 4 others killed in south Alabama". Associated Press. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  8. ^ McFadden, Cynthia; Bill McGuire (2009-03-10). "Spree Terrifies Small Ala. Towns". ABC News. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Steve Osunsami, et al., "Cops Close to Motive in Murderous Rampage", ABC News, 11 March 2009, accessed 29 December 2012
  10. ^ Ayres, Chris (2009-03-11). "Ten dead as Alabama gunman goes on the rampage". The Times. 
  11. ^ AP,Catherine Donaldson-Evans (2009-03-11). "Gunman in Alabama Massacre Had Hit List". Fox News. Retrieved 2010-02-02. 
  12. ^ "Eight dead in Alabama shooting spree - police". Reuters. 2009-03-11. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  13. ^ Victims of the Geneva County shooting, Dothan Eagle (March 11, 2009)
  14. ^ a b Shaila Dewan, "Officials Identify Alabama Gunman", New York Times, 12 March 2009, 29 December 2012
  15. ^ a b c EMILY FRIEDMAN, "Alabama Shooter McLendon Was 'Quiet'", ABC News, 11 March 2009, accessed 29 December 2012
  16. ^ a b Jessica Gresko and Desiree Hunter (2009-03-11). "Ala. gunman left list of those who wronged him". ABC. Retrieved 2009-03-11. [dead link]
  17. ^ Associated Press (2009-03-14). "Report: Ala. killer left note explaining spree". MSNBC. Retrieved 2009-03-15. 
  18. ^ AP, 23 April 2009, 29 December 2012
  19. ^ Associated Press (2009-10-20). "Troop use After Ala. Shootings Illegal". Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  20. ^ "Alabama Shootings Donations". WTOK-TV. March 14, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2011. 

Coordinates: 31°02′17″N 85°52′36″W / 31.03806°N 85.87667°W / 31.03806; -85.87667