Geng Huichang

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Geng Huichang (Chinese: 耿惠昌; pinyin: Gěng Hùichāng; born November 1951), was the Minister of State Security of the People's Republic of China and a former President of the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations, an influential think tank.[1]

Biography[edit]

Geng was born in Laoting County, Hebei Province.[2]

In 1985 he became Deputy Director of the American Research Department of the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), a Beijing-based think tank affiliated with the Ministry of State Security and overseen by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.[3][4] He was promoted to President of CICIR in 1990, and retained this position until 1993.[5] During his time at CICIR Geng held the title of "Professor" and studied Islamic fundamentalism in Asia.[6] In 1992 he authored a work entitled Multi-National Coordination: Feasibility in Asia-Pacific in Contemporary International Relations.[7]

In September 1998 he became deputy minister of the Ministry of State Security. He was involved in security preparations for the 2008 Summer Olympics, and traveled to Greece in March 2006 in order to study how Greece handled security at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens.[8][9] He met with Minister of Public Order Georgios Voulgarakis in Beijing in November 2005, where a memorandum on security issues was signed.[10]

In August 2007 he was promoted to Minister of State Security, succeeding Xu Yongyue.[2] Geng is a political ally of former President Hu Jintao, who promoted him to Minister so he could consolidate his own power.[11][12] Geng is an international relations specialist and an expert on the United States, Japan and industrial espionage.[13] Geng is the first Minister of State Security with a background in international politics rather than internal security.[14]

In August 2011 Geng visited Nepal in order to develop their bilateral relations.[15] In September 2012 Geng was part of a delegation led by Zhou Yongkang to Singapore, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan.[16] In Singapore, he attended the opening ceremony of the Singapore-China Social Management Forum at St. Regis Hotel.[17]

Beginning in January 2010 Geng, has also been a member of the National Energy Commission, a State Council-established body designed to improve the coordination of China's energy industry.[18] He is also a member of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission.[19]

Geng Huichang was a member of the 17th and 18th Central Committees of the Communist Party of China.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jakobson, Linda; Dean Knox (26 September 2010). "New Foreign policy actors in China" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. p. 12. 
  2. ^ a b Smith, I.C.; Nigel West (2012). Historical Dictionary of Chinese Intelligence. Scarecrowe Press. p. 100. ISBN 9780810871748. 
  3. ^ "Geng Huichang (耿惠昌)". WantChinaTimes.com. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  4. ^ National Bureau of Asian Research. "China's Rising Leaders: Meet the Delegates". National Bureau of Asian Research. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Profile of MSS-Affiliated PRC Foreign Policy Think Tank CICIR" (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. 25 August 2011. p. 3. 
  6. ^ Gujral, I.K. "Why India and China are so distant: The more they change the more they remain the same". The Tribune. 
  7. ^ Roy, Denny (1998). China's Foreign Relations. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 249. ISBN 9780847690138. 
  8. ^ Ekathimerini (29 March 2006). "CHINESE MEETING Greece discusses Olympic know-how". Economic and Commercial Counsellor's Office of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Hellenic Republic. Archived from the original on 2006-10-30. 
  9. ^ Bodeen, Christopher (30 August 2007). "China replaces finance minister". USA Today. 
  10. ^ Athens News Agency (2 November 2005). "Greece and China to sign security cooperation memorandum in light of Beijing Olympic Games". Embassy of Greece in Washington, D.C. Archived from the original on 2005-12-15. 
  11. ^ Yardley, Jim (31 August 2007). "China Replaces Key Ministers". New York Times. 
  12. ^ Wise, David (2011). Tiger Trap: America's Secret Spy War with China. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 8. ISBN 9780547553108. 
  13. ^ Fisher, Richard D. (2008). China's Military Modernization: Building for Regional and Global Reach. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 37. ISBN 9780275994860. 
  14. ^ Mattis, Peter (September 2012). "Beyond Spy vs. Spy: The Analytic Challenge of Understanding Chinese Intelligence Services" (PDF). Central Intelligence Agency. p. 52. 
  15. ^ "Press Release 2 - August 17, 2011". Ministry of Home Affairs (Nepal). 17 August 2011. 
  16. ^ Mattis, Peter (5 October 2012). "Zhou Yongkang's Trip Highlights Security Diplomacy" (PDF). Jamestown Foundation. 
  17. ^ "Opening Ceremony of the Singapore-China Social Management Forum on "Social Management Challenges in Economic Development" at St Regis Hotel - Opening Address by Mr Teo Chee Hean, Deputy Prime Minister, Coordinating Minister for National Security & Minister for Home Affairs". Ministry of Home Affairs. 21 September 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-12-14. 
  18. ^ Qu, Hong (March 2010). "China’s New National Energy Commission" (PDF). Burson-Marsteller. [permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Taylor, Monique (16 March 2011). "Fuelling China’s Rise: Governing Capacity in the Oil Sector" (PDF). University of Queensland. p. 22. [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Xu Yongyue
Minister of State Security
2007–2016
Succeeded by
Chen Wenqing