Geng Jingzhong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Geng.
Geng Jingzhong

Geng Jingzhong (Chinese: 耿精忠; pinyin: Gěng Jīngzhōng; Wade–Giles: Keng Ching-chung; died 1682) was a powerful military commander of the early Qing dynasty. He inherited the title of "King/Prince of Jingnan" (靖南王) from his father Geng Jimao, who had inherited it from Jingzhong's grandfather Geng Zhongming.

The "Dolo efu" 和碩額駙 rank was given to husbands of Qing princesses. Geng Jingmao managed to have both his sons Geng Jingzhong and Geng Zhaozhong 耿昭忠 become court attendants under the Shunzhi Emperor and get married to Aisin Gioro women, with Prince Abatai's granddaughter marrying Geng Zhaozhong 耿昭忠 and Haoge's (a son of Hong Taiji) daughter marrying Geng Jingzhong.[1] A daughter 和硕柔嘉公主 of the Manchu Aisin Gioro Prince Yolo 岳樂 (Prince An) was wedded to Geng Juzhong 耿聚忠.[2]

Firmly entrenched as a quasi independent ruler in Fujian, in 1674 Geng Jingzhong rebelled against Qing rule along with the other two of the Three Feudatories Wu Sangui and Shang Zhixin, who were also governing enormous principalities in south China. Qing armies eventually defeated Geng, who surrendered to the Kangxi Emperor. The Qing then used Geng's troops to fight the other feudatories until the civil war ended. Soon after the Qing final victory in 1681, the Kangxi Emperor had Geng executed by slow slicing for treason.

Geng Jingzhong's brother Geng Juzhong 耿聚忠 was in Beijing with the Qing court with the Kangxi Emperor during the rebellion and was not punished by the Kangxi Emperor for his brother's revolt. Geng Juzhong died of natural causes in 1687. Geng Juzhong was a Third Class Viscount 三等子.

References[edit]

  1. ^ FREDERIC WAKEMAN JR. (1985). The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-century China. University of California Press. pp. 1017–. ISBN 978-0-520-04804-1. 
  2. ^ FREDERIC WAKEMAN JR. (1985). The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-century China. University of California Press. pp. 1018–. ISBN 978-0-520-04804-1.