Genhe

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Genhe

根河市ᢉᢉᠠᠠᠭᠣᠤᠯᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Location of Genhe in Hulunbuir City
Location of Genhe in Hulunbuir City
Genhe is located in Inner Mongolia
Genhe
Genhe
Location of the city centre in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 50°47′N 121°31′E / 50.783°N 121.517°E / 50.783; 121.517Coordinates: 50°47′N 121°31′E / 50.783°N 121.517°E / 50.783; 121.517
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionInner Mongolia
Prefecture-level cityHulunbuir
Municipal seatHexi Subdistrict (河西街道)
Area
 • Total19,659 km2 (7,590 sq mi)
Elevation
714 m (2,343 ft)
Population
(2010)
 • Total110,400
 • Density5.6/km2 (15/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
022300
Area code(s)0470

Genhe (Gegengol) (Mongolian: ᠭᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠭᠣᠤᠯ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ (Гэгээнгол хот) Gegen Gôûl Hôt; Chinese: 根河; pinyin: Gēnhé), formerly Ergun Left Banner or Ergun Zuoqi (simplified Chinese: 额尔古纳左旗; traditional Chinese: 額爾古納左旗; pinyin: É'ěrgǔnà Zuǒ Qí), is a city in the far northeast of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It is administratively a county-level city of Hulunbuir City.

Geography and climate[edit]

Genhe has a monsoon-influenced subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc), and is the coldest officially designated city in China, with an average annual temperature at the town of Tulihe, 35 kilometres (22 mi) to the south-southeast, of −4.4 °C (24.1 °F). Winters are long, severely cold, and very dry in terms of total precipitation, while summers are short and warm. At Tulihe, the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −28.7 °C (−19.7 °F) in January to 19.6 °C (67.3 °F) in July.


Climate data for Tulihe, Inner Mongolia (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −19.1
(−2.4)
−12.4
(9.7)
−3.3
(26.1)
7.8
(46.0)
16.8
(62.2)
22.6
(72.7)
24.1
(75.4)
22.2
(72.0)
15.9
(60.6)
5.9
(42.6)
−7.9
(17.8)
−17.5
(0.5)
4.6
(40.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −28.4
(−19.1)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−13
(9)
0
(32)
8.4
(47.1)
14.3
(57.7)
16.8
(62.2)
14.3
(57.7)
6.9
(44.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
−16.3
(2.7)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
Average low °C (°F) −35.8
(−32.4)
−33.3
(−27.9)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.6
(29.1)
5.2
(41.4)
9.9
(49.8)
7.7
(45.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−9.7
(14.5)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−12.2
(10.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.3
(0.17)
4.0
(0.16)
6.3
(0.25)
19.7
(0.78)
28.2
(1.11)
82.1
(3.23)
127.8
(5.03)
108.8
(4.28)
48.6
(1.91)
19.4
(0.76)
8.3
(0.33)
6.4
(0.25)
463.9
(18.26)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.4 7.4 8.1 8.7 9.3 15.8 17.6 16.1 11.8 8.4 10.6 12.5 136.7
Average relative humidity (%) 77 73 67 57 52 72 81 84 75 68 76 79 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 163.2 199.2 258.4 240.9 270.7 247.5 221.7 212.5 194.2 199.2 155.4 133.7 2,496.6
Percent possible sunshine 62 71 71 59 57 51 45 47 51 60 58 54 56
Source: China Meteorological Administration


References[edit]