Genkō (first)

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Genkō (元亨) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Gen'ō and before Shōchū.[1] This period spanned the years from February 1321[2] to December 1324.[3] The reigning Emperor was Go-Daigo-tennō (後醍醐天皇).[4]

Change of era[edit]

  • 1321 Genkō gannen (元亨元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Gen'ō 3.

Events of the Genkō era[edit]

The oldest extant account of Buddhism in Japan, the Genkō Shakusho (元亨釈書), was completed in Genkō 2, whence the era name in its title. The massive project was the work of Kokan Shiren.[7]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nengō" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 704–705 (table), p. 704, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, at "Gen'ō" in p. 238, p. 238, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Shōchū" at p. 877., p. 877, at Google Books
  4. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 278–281; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 239–241.
  5. ^ a b c d e Titsingh, p. 282.
  6. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 283.
  7. ^ Nussbaum, "Genkō shakusho" at p. 239., p. 239, at Google Books


  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by