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Cover of the first volume, as released by Shogakukan
|Genre||Science fiction, Apocalyptic|
|Written by||Kazumasa Hirai|
|Illustrated by||Shotaro Ishinomori|
|Magazine||Weekly Shōnen Sunday|
|Original run||1967 – 1969|
|Produced by||Haruki Kadokawa|
|Written by||Chiho Katsura|
|Music by||Nozomi Aoki|
|Released||March 12, 1983|
|Genre||Interactive movie |
Laserdisc video game
|Genma Wars: Rebirth|
|Written by||Kazumasa Hirai|
|Illustrated by||Shotaro Ishinomori|
|Published by||Tokuma Shoten|
|Magazine||Monthly Comic Ryū|
|Original run||1979 – 1984|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Tsuneo Tominaga|
|Produced by||Sachiko Arifuku|
|Written by||Shōzō Uehara|
|Music by||Hiroshi Motokura|
|Original network||AT-X, Animax|
|Original run||February 2, 2002 – May 11, 2002|
Genma Wars (Japanese: 幻魔大戦, Hepburn: Genma Taisen) is a science fiction manga and novel franchise that began in 1967. It was a collaboration in Weekly Shōnen Sunday by science fiction writer Kazumasa Hirai and manga artist Shotaro Ishinomori.
The series tells the story of the battle between the Earth's defenders and a demonic entity named Genma Daioh. Its first protagonist is Jo Azuma, a Japanese highschool student of the 1970s who suddenly finds out he has psychic powers and is being called along with other psychics around the globe. They are gathered by Vega, an alien cyborg warrior, and Luna, the princess of Transylvania, who have discovered the presence of Genma traveling towards the Earth with the intention to conquer it. In order to stop him, Luna and Vega train Azuma and all the other psychics to defeat Genma and thwart his destructive plans. However, despite initial victories, the manga ends in an ambiguous cliffhanger, hinting that the psychics are defeated and the Earth will be destroyed.
After the premature end of the manga, the story was expanded upon by other series of the franchise, featuring time travel and battles in other realities. This is first shown in the sequel New Genma Wars, which takes place in 1999, after Genma's victory has turned the Earth into a post-apocalyptic wasteland ruled by the demon. In that place, a surviving psychic named Chinami Kagawa is entasked by Beatrice, princess Luna's daughter, to travel back to the Edo period and create a new clan of psychics who could defeat Genma. She is opposed there by Yui Shōsetsu, who has fused with an incarnation of Genma come to chase Kagawa. (This series also ties with a previously unrelated Hirai manga, Adult Wolf Guy.)
The story is taken then to True Genma Wars, after Kagawa's exploits rewrote reality. In a new version of 1979, Jo Azuma, now an adult paranormal researcher and writer, is hired by a powerful woman known as Moonlight to expose the existence of psychics to the world. After several events, Jo gains the knowledge of the previous timeline destroyed by Genma, only to disappear mysteriously. His mantle is taken by his secretary Yuri Sugimura, who travels to the 7th century to meet the mystic En no Gyōja. Also, in another time plane, an ancient Greek girl named Chronos gets involved in a war against Mu, an ancient civilization populated by mysterious beasts who might be related to Genma.
The next installment is Genma Wars: Eve of Mythology Chapter, though it takes place again in the original timeline, where the world was conquered by Genma. Humans now live in primitive societies, while the planet is ruled by a race of intelligent Genma beasts serving Maoh King, who now plans to give birth to an heir by raping a human woman. However, said woman, Non, manages to run away with the resultant children, two male twins named Loof and Jin, who swear to stop their father. After defeating Maoh, they travel to the past in an attempt to prevent the existence of their terrible world, but agents of Genma from the past spoil their plan by provoking a nuclear war in substitution of the original Genma victory. Nonetheless, Loof and Jin take over the new timeline, ensuring a better future for mankind there.
A Hirai novel of 1979 similarly named Genma Wars takes a new route from New Genma Wars. being set on a timeline created there. A young version of Jo discovers in 1967 he has psychic powers which predict the coming of Genma, so he initiates a resistance movement from his school's literature club, named "Genken". As in the previous story, Joe disappears mysteriously, and the members of Genken are left to advance by themselves. In a sequel named Harmageddon, a member named Keisuke Takatori gives birth to a totalitary global movement based on his messiah complex.
Harmageddon Girl is a side story of Genma Wars featuring Michiko, Jo Azuma's sister. She uncovers her own powers to save herself and a plane full of passengers from an attack by Genma, but is sent to ancient Greece as a result. Here, she meets Chronos, who leads her to the space in order to gather with several other characters of the franchise, among them Luna. At the end of the story, they get ready to battle Genma in his invasion of Earth.
The entire franchise is revisited in a 2014 manga named Genma Wars Rebirth and written by Kyoichi Nanatsuki. In it, Luna and Stella (Luna's daughter with Jo) travel to the past in order to try to prevent the war.
The main characters are:
- Voiced by: Tōru Emori (Japanese); John Hollywood (English)
One of the main protagonists, a 2000-year-old warrior robot who fought several times against Genma in the past. He was summoned by Princess Luna to help defend Earth from evil. His name is written as Bega in international releases.
One of the main protagonists, a Transylvanian princess with telepathic powers to see the future.
- Jo Azuma
- Voiced by: Tōru Furuya (Japanese); Eric Lamp (English)
One of the main protagonists, Jo has been repeated in countless anime, but was not really a prevalent archetype before Harmagedon. He can move objects with his psychic powers.
- Voiced by: Ryūji Saikachi (Japanese); B. Jaye Driscoll (English)
An elderly psionic warrior from India who is wise and shows no fear of destruction.
- Voiced by: Tomoyo Harada (Japanese); Sky Watkins (English)
- Sonny Lynx
- Voiced by: Yasufumi Hayashi (Japanese); Nefta Perry (English)
An adult psionic warrior from Saudi Arabia.
Jo's girlfriend, who breaks up with him early in the movie.
Jo's best friend at school, who is sceptical on the existence of ESP.
Jo's older sister, and apparently his guardian. Joe is very attached to her.
- Voiced by: Junpei Takiguchi (Japanese); Russell Arendt (English)
One of the main antagonists, an evil servant of Genma Daioh.
- Voiced by: Ichirô Nagai (Japanese); Matt Black (English)
Another evil servant of Genma Daioh.
- Genma Daioh
The story's villain.
Harmagedon: Genma Wars (幻魔大戦 ‒ハルマゲドン‒, Genma Taisen: Harumagedon) is a science fiction anime movie released in 1983, based largely on the first Genma Wars volumes. The movie was directed by Rintaro with character designs and script by Katsuhiro Otomo (of Akira fame). Keith Emerson was hired as the music director and composer of the ending theme. Madhouse did the animation.
The Genma Wars movie has been available in the US as Harmagedon on VHS and Laserdisc since 1992 and has been released on DVD twice, all by Central Park Media, once as a very early, barebones, DVD release and a second time as a more robust release complete with a Rintaro commentary track.
Genma Wars: Eve of Mythology Chapter (幻魔大戦 ‒神話前夜の章‒, Genma Taisen: Shinwa Zen'ya no Shō) series has been released in the US under the name Genma Wars by Media Blasters on DVD, later re-released in a box set of the entire series. The release experienced controversy, as the licensor Enoki Films edited some footage to remove panning camera shots of female nudity, but strangely left rape and sex scenes intact.
Unlike the Harmagedon movie, which adapted the original manga, the series adapts the Genma Wars: Eve of Mythology Chapter manga by Ishinomori published in Tokuma Shoten from May 1979 to November 1981. It ran for four volumes and was Ishinomori's last work in the franchise.
Genma Wars is set in a post-apocalyptic world, where mankind has been subjugated by a demonical tribe known as Genma. The humans are reduced to little more than slaves for the Genma, who employ mutant armies of cyclopses, vampires, werewolves, highly intelligent simian soldiers, and other mythological beings, to keep the humans at bay. The authoritarian Genma leader, the Maoh King, desires to have an heir with immense, extraordinary power. He orders his men around the kingdom to abduct human women. The Maoh King is convinced that if he conceives a child with a human woman the child will possess amazing powers.
In one case, in exchange for the safety of her village, a girl called Non submit to the Maoh King, and give birth to male twins, Loof and Jin. Loof is taken to grow up among the Genma, while Jin grows up under his mother' care, however she is labelled as a whore by her fellow kinsmen. Eventually, Loof and Jin encounter each other and plan revenge against their hated father. However, their father reveals he only created them, and the whole hybrid Human-Genma, to bring the war across the Earth, out of boredom. He throws his sons in a time portal, back to the present time, when the war was initiated, in order to stop their dystopic world.
- Voiced by: Kenji Nomura (Japanese); Bryce Papenbrook (English)
- One of the main protagonists, he is one of the twins, child to the Maoh King and Non. He is relatively cool-headed and reasonable. In the beginning, he acts very cold towards humans but his attitude softens after falling in love with Meena.
- Voiced by: Daisuke Namikawa (Japanese); Brian Moran (English)
- One of the main protagonists, he is the Loof's younger twin brother. Unlike Loof, Jin is impulsive, violent and prone to lash out against anyone at any time. This is due the fact he grew up persecuted by both her mother's own people and the Genma's mutant army. Jin develops the desire to become his father's successor as a punishment of his persecution early in his life.
- Maoh King
- Voiced by: Motomu Kiyokawa (Japanese); Richard Epcar (English)
- Jin and Loof's father, and Earth's ruler. He is also a rapist, prone to order the kidnapping of several females to rape and impregnate them with his child, but he abandons both his child and estranged wife.
- Voiced by: Fumiko Orikasa (Japanese); Wendee Lee (English)
- Loof's human female companion and later romantic interest. He falls in love with her and saves her from several perils. Meena is also a Hito like Loof's mother, although is shown to have mysterious powers. She becomes pregnant with Loof's child. However, she dies after saving Loof from a mutant enemy.
- Voiced by: Tomoko Hirasuji (Japanese); Ellyn Stern (English)
- The Maoh Queen, she is some kind of a Wicked Queen, and is very jealous towards her husband for indiscriminately raping and impregnating human girls, just to have a powerful baby, claiming if he had a baby with Parome, it would be weak. As the series advances, she grows insane and plans to overthrow her husband. When Jin and Loof attack their stronghold, Parome is presumably destroyed, but returns when the Maoh King appears to have the upper hand in the fight against his children, and she uses the last of her forces to impale the King in the chest using a sword, destroying them both.
Data East produced a laserdisc-based arcade game as a tie-in to the Genma Taisen animated movie, retitled Bega's Battle for its North American release. It was released in June 1983. In the game, the player takes on the role of the robot Bega (Vega) whose goal was to stop the invasion forces of the alien Varga (Genma), while also rescuing his three friends who have been kidnapped by them. In Japan, Game Machine listed Bega's Battle on their November 1, 1983 issue as being the third most-successful upright arcade unit of the year. Even among laserdisc games Bega's Battle has become somewhat rare because many of the machines were converted into Cobra Command machines as part of a discount deal offered by Data East in exchange for the internals of the Bega's Battle arcade cabinet.
Similar to Astron Belt, the game used the footage mainly for backgrounds, while the actual gameplay was a shooting game with sprites laid over the video. Bega's Battle also used brief full-motion video cut scenes to develop a story between the game's shooting stages. Years later, this would become the standard approach to video game storytelling. Bega's Battle also featured a branching storyline. The Twin Galaxies world record for Bega's Battle was set by Steve Harris (later the founder of Electronic Gaming Monthly) on July 18, 1983.
Notes and references
- "1983年（1月～12月）". Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
- "日本国内 1983年 年間邦画興行収入ランキング". Eiga Ranking. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- Central Park Media's Official Harmageddon Homepage[permanent dead link]
- Children of the Light -YouTube
- Children of the Light (song details)
- Anime Prime
- "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25 - アップライト, コックピット型TVゲーム機 (Upright/Cockpit Videos)". Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 223. Amusement Press, Inc. 1 November 1983. p. 33.
- Travis Fahs (March 3, 2008). "The Lives and Deaths of the Interactive Movie". IGN. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- Mark J. P. Wolf (2008), The video game explosion: a history from PONG to PlayStation and beyond, ABC-CLIO, p. 100, ISBN 0-313-33868-X, retrieved 2011-04-10
- Day, Walter (1998). Twin Galaxies' Official Video Game & Pinball Book of World Records. Fairfield, Iowa: Twin Galaxies, Sunstar Pub. p. 56. ISBN 1-887472-25-8. Retrieved 27 September 2011.