Gennady Nikolayevich Troshev
Геннадий Николаевич Трошев
Colonel General Gennady Troshev
|Born||14 March 1947|
East Berlin, Soviet occupation zone
|Died||14 September 2008 (aged 61)|
|Allegiance|| Soviet Union|
|Years of service||1969–2002|
North Caucasus Military District
|Battles/wars||First Chechen War|
Invasion of Dagestan (1999)
Second Chechen War
|Awards||Hero of Russia|
|Other work||Advisor to the President of the Russian Federation for Cossacks affairs|
Gennady Nikolayevich Troshev (Russian: Геннадий Николаевич Трошев) (14 March 1947 – 14 September 2008) was a Russian Colonel General in the Russian military and formerly the commander of the North Caucasus Military District, including Chechnya, during the Second Chechen War. He was awarded a Hero of Russia award.
Gennady Troshev was born in 1947 in the East Berlin, in the Soviet occupation zone, the son of a Soviet officer. He spent his childhood in the ethnic Russian community in Grozny in the Chechen-Ingush Republic.
In 1969, Troshev graduated from the Kazan Tank College, and later from the Tank Academy and from the Military Academy of the General Staff. After graduating from the tank college in 1969, Troshev served in Soviet tank forces. Troshev served as the commander of the 10th Guards Uralsko-Lvovskaya Tank Division, later - as the commander of the 42nd Army Corps. and as the commander of the joint group of federal forces in Chechnya during the First Chechen War. On 1 June 1995, Troshev was appointed commander of the 58th Army, and since 29 July 1997, he served as the deputy commander of the North Caucasus Military District. In April 2000, Troshev was appointed the commander of the joint group of federal forces in the Northern Caucasus.
During his career as a commander in Chechnya he gained notoriety after advocating public executions of separatist fighters. Human rights activists had accused him of tolerating rampant abuses in the war-ravaged republic. Early in the war he declared that the shattered city of Grozny should never be rebuilt so as to serve as a warning against "treason to Russia's ethnic minorities". He also publicly defended Yuri Budanov, who was on trial for the murder of an 18-year-old Chechen woman, Elza Kungayeva.
Post military career
Troshev publicly defied, on national television, Minister of Defense Sergei Ivanov's suggestion that he should relocate from Chechnya in the North Caucasus Military District to the command of the Siberian Military District. In response, President Vladimir Putin signed a decree dismissing Troshev from his post in 2002.
The Jamestown Foundation, a U.S. policy research organisation that studies Russian military affairs, said Ivanov's order that Troshev relocate to Siberia was "open to multiple and complex interpretations. One theory connects it to a broader reshuffling of personnel as major elections approach in Chechnya (and perhaps in response to the Moscow theater hostage crisis). A second explanation ties it to the stalled process of military-administrative reform."
Final Years and death
In 2007 he returned to Russia after 5 years in Ukraine.
Troshev died on 14 September 2008. He was a passenger aboard Aeroflot Flight 821, which crashed and left no survivors. Russian officials have dismissed public suspicions that the plane might have been sabotaged.
Military medals and ribbons
- Герои России
- Chechen war veteran flexes political muscles, sending shiver down the spine of the Kremlin - Another Russian general has emerged who wants to be a politician - a man who left his mark on Chechnya by helping raze its capital city Archived 2008-09-11 at the Wayback Machine
- Who is who in Chechen politics Archived 2002-02-20 at the Wayback Machine
- General backs public execution of rebels Archived 2008-09-19 at the Wayback Machine
- Email from Russia
- FSB FREES HOSTAGE IN CHECHNYA WHILE BUDANOV TRIAL IS POSTPONED. Archived 2008-09-18 at the Wayback Machine
- Russian general rebuffs minister over move from Chechnya
- Troshev Ouster and the Chechnya Policy Archived 2006-10-17 at the Wayback Machine The Jamestown Foundation
- H. F. Scott and Scott, Russian Military Directory 2004
- В столице Чечни улица Краснознаменная названа именем Геннадия Трошева