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Génocidaires, from the French for "those who commit genocide", are those guilty of the mass killings of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, in which close to 1,000,000 Rwandans, primarily Tutsi, were murdered by their Hutu neighbors. In the aftermath of the genocide, those guilty of organizing and leading the genocide (the Génocidaires) were put on trial at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Those guilty of participating, profiting (e.g. through seizing Tutsi neighbors' property), etc. were put on trial in Gacaca courts.
The term is also used more broadly to refer to any perpetrator of genocide.