Gentiana triflora

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Gentiana triflora
Gentiana triflora var. montana.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Gentiana
Species: G. triflora
Binomial name
Gentiana triflora

Gentiana triflora (三花龙胆 san hua long dan in Chinese, called Clustered Gentian in English) is a tall, flowering perennial plant in the genus Gentiana native to higher-elevation (600-1000 m) meadows and forests of China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol), Mongolia, Eastern Russia, Korea and Japan. [1]

Gentian blue petals predominantly contain the unusually blue and stable anthocyanin gentiodelphin (delphinidin 3-O-glucosyl-5-O-(6-O-caffeoyl-glucosyl)-3′-O-(6-O-caffeoyl-glucoside)).[2][3]


  1. ^ Page on, Flora of China
  2. ^ Fukuchi-Mizutani, M.; Okuhara, H; Fukui, Y; Nakao, M; Katsumoto, Y; Yonekura-Sakakibara, K; Kusumi, T; Hase, T; Tanaka, Y (2003). "Biochemical and Molecular Characterization of a Novel UDP-Glucose:Anthocyanin 3'-O-Glucosyltransferase, a Key Enzyme for Blue Anthocyanin Biosynthesis, from Gentian". Plant Physiology 132 (3): 1652–63. doi:10.1104/pp.102.018242. PMC 167102. PMID 12857844. 
  3. ^ Nakatsuka, T.; Sato, K.; Takahashi, H.; Yamamura, S.; Nishihara, M. (2008). "Cloning and characterization of the UDP-glucose:anthocyanin 5-O-glucosyltransferase gene from blue-flowered gentian". Journal of Experimental Botany 59 (6): 1241–52. doi:10.1093/jxb/ern031. PMID 18375606.