Gentianopsis crinita

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Gentianopsis crinita
Fringed Gentian 0001.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Gentianopsis
G. crinita
Binomial name
Gentianopsis crinita
(Froel.) Ma

Gentianopsis crinita (sometimes called "greater fringed gentian" or "blue gentian") is a biennial herbaceous species, native to eastern USA and eastern Canada.[1] Fringed gentian flowers open on sunny days, but generally remain closed on cloudy days. Individual plants live for only one or two years.

In autumn, solitary, iridescent blue flowers develop on naked peduncles approximately 2 to 10 cm (34 to 4 in) in height. Each finely fringed petal is 3.5 to 6 cm (1 38 to 2 38 in) in length. The outermost flower parts are two pairs of green sepals, strongly winged and flared on the basal margins, the outer pair much larger than the inner.

It is closely related to Gentianopsis virgata (Raf.) Holub, which is sometimes lumped within a broadly transcribed G. crinita.[2]


  1. ^ "Gentianopsis crinita". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA.
  2. ^ Pringle, J.S. (2004). "Notes on the Distribution and Nomenclature of North American Gentianopsis (Gentianaceae)". Sida. 21 (2): 525–530.