Gentilicamelus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gentilicamelus
Temporal range: Oligocene–Early Miocene
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Tribe: Camelini
Genus: Gentilicamelus
Loomis (1936)
Species
  • G. sternbergi

Gentilicamelus is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore in the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the mid-Oligocene through Early Miocene 30.8—20.6 mya existing for approximately 10.2 million years.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Gentilicamelus was named by Loomis (1936). It was assigned to Camelidae by Loomis (1936) and Carroll (1988).[2]

Morphology[edit]

Four specimens were examined for estimated body mass by M. Mendoza, C. M. Janis, and P. Palmqvist. These specimens were estimated to weigh:

  • 52.9 kg (120 lb)
  • 77.4 kg (170 lb)
  • 64.7 kg (140 lb)
  • 43.4 kg (96 lb) [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Gentilicamelus, basic info
  2. ^ R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York 1-698
  3. ^ M. Mendoza, C. M. Janis, and P. Palmqvist. 2006. Estimating the body mass of extinct ungulates: a study on the use of multiple regression. Journal of Zoology 270(1):90-101