Genzebe Dibaba Keneni (Oromo: Ganzabee Dibaabaa Qananii); (Amharic: ገንዘቤ ዲባባ ቀነኒ; born 8 February 1991) is an Ethiopian middle- and long-distance runner. She won the gold medal in the 1500 m at the Beijing World Championships and a silver medal in the 1500 meters at the 2016 Olympics. Genzebe is the current world record holder for the 1500 m (both indoor and outdoor), the indoor 3000 m, the indoor 5000 m, and the indoor mile. Her 2000 m indoor women's world's best time is the absolute world record, as it is faster than the previous women's outdoor mark. Genzebe holds the distinction of possessing the most world records by one individual in track history, with her current haul of seven, plus one world best.
Genzebe was the 2012 World Indoor Champion for the 1500 m and the 2014 World Indoor Champion in the 3000 m. She represented Ethiopia at the 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympics and has competed at the World Athletics Championships on five occasions. She was highly successful as a junior (under-20) athlete, having won two junior World Cross Country titles and one world junior 5000 m gold medal. She was named Laureus Sportswoman of the Year for 2014 and IAAF World Athlete of the Year in 2015.
Genzebe Dibaba is a member of the Oromo Ethnic group from the high altitude Arsi Zone of the Oromia Region and comes from an athletic family. Her older sister Tirunesh is a celebrated athlete who won many major medals. Another older sister, Ejegayehu, won the silver medal in the 10,000 metres at the 2004 Summer Olympics, and her brother Dejene is also an athlete. Her aunt is Derartu Tulu, 1992 and 2000 Olympic champion in 10,000 m.
Genzebe won the junior women's title at both the 2008 and 2009 IAAF World Cross Country Championships and finished fifth in the same event in 2007. Dibaba became the second junior woman ever to win two junior cross country championships in a row. She also competed in IAAF Golden League meetings, including the Reebok Grand Prix and the Oslo Bislett Games. At the 2008 Bislett Games she recorded a personal best time of 15:02.41 in the 5000 metres, during the same race where her sister Tirunesh set a new world record. She did the same a year later in the same race, improving her personal best by more than five seconds.
After winning the 5000 m at the Ethiopian Athletics Championships, she was included in the Ethiopian squad for the 2009 IAAF World Athletics Championships. In Berlin she replaced Tirunesh on Ethiopia's 5000 m team, who withdrew due to injury. Genzebe ran an excellent heat, finishing fourth and qualifying for the final where, in her first major senior championship race, she finished in eighth position. She also won the 5000 m gold at the 2009 African Junior Athletics Championships.
She began her 2009–10 cross country campaign with a win at the Cross de Atapuerca. She also competed indoors, improving her 1500 m best to 4:04.80 at the Indoor Flanders meeting. Despite her wins on the senior circuit, she failed to complete a hat-trick of junior race titles at the 2010 IAAF World Cross Country Championships. She performed far below expectations, ending up in eleventh and barely making it into the silver medal winning Ethiopian team. Her fortunes improved at the 2010 World Junior Championships in Athletics as she defeated the junior cross country winner Mercy Cherono to take the 5000 m gold in a championship record time. In November she took a second consecutive victory at the Cross de Atapueca, taking a prominent scalp in Emily Chebet (the reigning senior champion).
Genzebe improved her 5000 m best to 14:37.56 minutes at the Bislett Games and went on to place eighth in the event at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics. After this point she began to move away from the 5000 m and focus on the 1500 metres instead – a move which paid significant dividends for her career. She began 2012 with the fifth fastest ever indoor 1500 m, winning the Weltklasse in Karlsruhe in 4:00.13 minutes. A win at the Aviva Indoor Grand Prix preceded her first world title at the 2012 IAAF World Indoor Championships. Turning to the outdoor track, she ran an Ethiopian record time of 3:57.77 minutes at the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix. She was third at the Golden Gala and runner-up at the Bislett Games. She was selected for the 2012 London Olympics, but a hamstring injury in the final lap of her heat saw her eliminated from the competition.
On February 1, 2014, in Karlsruhe, Germany, Genzebe ran 3:55.17 in the 1500 m indoor event, beating the previous indoor world record by over 3 seconds. This mark was the fastest 1500 m in the world, indoor or outdoor, since 1997.
Five days later, she improved the world indoor record in the 3000 metres to 8:16.60 at the XL Galan meet in Stockholm, Sweden. In that one race, she improved her own personal record by over thirty seconds, the world record by almost seven, and even though it was set on a shorter track indoors, her time was the number four time at the distance ever. Only on one occasion has the time been bettered, that was the 1993 Chinese National Games, when three athletes Wang Junxia, Qu Yunxia and Zhang Linli set the event on its ear, running times that had previously not been approached in two decades. In the month of February and in just 15 days Genzebe broke her third world record at indoor two-mile record at the Birmingham Indoor Grand Prix nine minutes and 0.48 seconds was her new record that shattered Meseret Defar previous record by six seconds. 
With these records, Genzebe is one of only three athletes in history to break three world records in three different events within 15 days, joining Jesse Owens, who set three world records and tied another within 1 hour, and Usain Bolt. She stands alone as the only one to do this feat in three different cities and meets, and in all individual events under FAT.
In summer IAAF Diamond League competition, Genzebe won the 1500 at Monaco.
During 2015 she changed shoe sponsor. In February in XL-Galan, Stockholm, she ran for Adidas, and in March in Carlsbad (CA, USA), she had her first official competition in Nike dress in the 5k-race, where she missed the world record by a small margin. The change of sponsor is associated with the change of manager – from Dutch Jos Hermens (Global Sports Communication) to Swedish Ulf Saletti. The manager change happened a few months before the sponsor change. Saletti is meeting director at Stockholm XL-Galan where she on 19 February 2015 repeated the achievement from the year before by setting a world record, now at 5000 meter with 14:18.86.
Genzebe won the women's 5000 m at the 2015 Prefontaine Classic in Eugene, Oregon, in a then-personal best time of 14:19.76. She then went on to win the 5000 m at the Diamond League Meet Areva in Paris on July 4 in a new personal best time of 14:15:41. This was her fifth 5000 meter run under 14:30. Only four days later, in Barcelona, she set a new African record for the 1500 m of 3:54.11 (video), virtually single-handedly running the fastest 1500 in the world in 18 years and the ninth fastest of all time. Six of the eight fastest times ahead of her occurred in two races at the 1993 Chinese National Games, where much of the running community believes the communist government was sponsoring a doping scheme in the days before serious drug testing was required. On 17 July 2015 in Monaco, Genzebe broke the 1500 m world record, which had previously been considered near-unbreakable, in a time of 3:50:07.
She was named the female IAAF World Athlete of the Year for 2015.
In February 2016, Genzebe competed in Stockholm's Globen Galan meeting. She ran the indoor mile in 4 minutes and 13.31 seconds, breaking Doina Melinte's 26-year-old world record of 4:17.14, which had been set in 1990. In April she pulled out of the Dubai Athletics President's Cup 10,000 m Olympic qualifier race due to an injury in her left foot. In a track meet in Barcelona on June 30, she failed to finish a 5000 m race due to an injury. She was removed from the track in a wheelchair.
In the 2016 Summer Olympics Dibaba run the women's 1500 m. In her heat (one out of 3) she won out of 14 runners in 4:10.61. In the semifinals (one out of 2) she was the fastest runner with 4.03.06. The final was won by Faith Chepngetich Kipyegon in a time of 4:08.92. Dibaba took the silver medal in a time of 4:10.27 and Jennifer Simpson placed third for a bronze medal with 4:10.53.
Genzebe broke the 2000 m indoor world record and also the absolute world record, because it lowered the outdoor mark as well, on 7 February 2017 in Sabadell (Spain). She ran the distance in 5:23.75, an improvement on the former indoor best by Gabriela Szabo from 1998 by 6 seconds. The outdoor world record was set by Sonia O'Sullivan with 5:25.36. An illness prevented her from running in her usual form at the 2017 World Athletics Championships, where she finished 12th in the 1500 metres. and later pulled off from the 5000 m event.
Since September she was coached by Hussein Shibo and Tolera Dinka.
At the 2018 IAAF World Indoor Championships in Birmingham she became World Champion both in the 1500 m and in the 3000 m event.
Dibaba won the Golden Gala 1500 m in Roma on 6. June in a time of 3:56.28. She went to Rabat on 16. June and won the 1500 m in 3:55.47.
In the 1500 m Diamond League Final on 29. August in Zürich, Dibaba finished fourth in 4:00.86. The final was won by Sifan Hassan in 3:57.08, Konstanze Klosterhalfen was the runner up with 3:59.02 and Gabriela Debues-Stafford placed third in 3:59.59.
|2007||World Cross Country Championships||Mombasa, Kenya||5th||Junior race (6 km)||21:23|
|2008||World Cross Country Championships||Edinburgh, United Kingdom||1st||Junior race (6 km)||19:59|
|World Junior Championships in Athletics||Bydgoszcz, Poland||2nd||5000 m||16:16.75|
|2009||World Cross Country Championships||Amman, Jordan||1st||Junior race (6 km)||20:14|
|African Junior Championships||Bambous, Mauritius||1st||5000 m||16:11.85|
|World Championships||Berlin, Germany||8th||5000 m||15:11.12|
|2010||World Cross Country Championships||Bydgoszcz, Poland||11th||Junior race (6 km)||19:21|
|World Junior Championships||Moncton, Canada||1st||5000 m||15:08.06|
|2011||World Cross Country Championships||Punta Umbría, Spain||9th||Senior race (8 km)||25:36|
|World Championships||Daegu, South Korea||8th||5000 m||15:09.35|
|2012||World Indoor Championships||Istanbul, Turkey||1st||1500 m||4:05.78|
|Olympic Games||London, United Kingdom||22nd (h)||1500 m||4:11.15|
|2013||World Championships||Moscow, Russia||7th||1500 m||4:05.99|
|2014||World Indoor Championships||Sopot, Poland||1st||3000 m||8:55.04|
|African Championships||Marrakesh, Morocco||2nd||5000 m||15:42.16|
|Continental Cup||Marrakesh, Morocco||1st||3000 m||8:57.53|
|2015||World Championships||Beijing, China||1st||1500 m||4:08.09|
|2016||World Indoor Championships||Portland, United States||1st||3000 m||8:47.43|
|Olympic Games||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||2nd||1500 m||4:10.27|
|2017||World Cross Country Championships||Kampala, Uganda||2nd||Mixed relay (8 km)||22:30|
|World Championships||London, United Kingdom||12th||1500 m||4:06.72|
|2018||World Indoor Championships||Birmingham, United Kingdom||1st||3000 m||8:45.05|
|Outdoor||800 metres||1:59.37||5 May 2017||Doha, Qatar|
|1500 metres||3:50.07||17 July 2015||Monaco, Monaco||World record|
|Mile||4:14.30||6 September 2016||Rovereto, Italy|
|2000 metres||5:27.50||17 June 2014||Ostrava, Czech Republic|
|3000 metres||8:21.29||30 June 2019||Palo Alto, California, USA|
|5000 metres||14:15.41||4 July 2015||Paris, France|
|Half marathon||1:05:18||6 December 2020||Valencia, Spain||Debut record|
|Indoor||1500 metres||3:55.17||1 February 2014||Karlsruhe, Germany||World record|
|Mile||4:13.31||17 February 2016||Stockholm, Sweden||World record|
|2000 metres||5:23.75||7 February 2017||Sabadell, Spain||World best|
|3000 metres||8:16.60||6 February 2014||Stockholm, Sweden||World record|
|Two miles||9:00.48||15 February 2014||Birmingham, England||World best|
|5000 metres||14:18.86||19 February 2015||Stockholm, Sweden||World record|
- All information taken from IAAF profile.
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- Genzebe Dibaba Smashes 5000m Indoor WORLD RECORD XL-Galan 2015
- Genzebe Dibaba at World Athletics
- Genzebe Dibaba | At Home with the Ethiopian Athletics Star Trans World Sport profile
| Women's 1500 m world record holder
July 17, 2015 – present
| Women's 1500 m world indoor record holder
February 1, 2014 – present
| Women's 3000 m world indoor record holder
February 6, 2014 – present
| Laureus World Sportswoman of the Year
| IAAF World Athlete of the Year
| Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year