Geoffrey William "Geoff" Hoon (born 6 December 1953) is a British Labour politician who served as the Member of Parliament for Ashfield from 1992 to 2010. He is a former Defence Secretary, Transport Secretary, Leader of the House of Commons and Government Chief Whip.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Member of Parliament
- 3 Shadow Cabinet and early government posts
- 4 Secretary of State for Defence
- 5 Secretary of State for Transport
- 6 Backbench MP
- 7 Expense claims
- 8 Dispatches lobbyist investigation
- 9 References
- 10 External links
This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Hoon was born in Derby, England, and is the son of railwayman Ernest Hoon and June Collett.
Career before entering politics
Hoon was a lecturer in the Faculty of Law at the University of Leeds from 1976 to 1982 and was a sub-warden at Devonshire Hall. He was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn in 1978, and was also a visiting Law Professor at the University of Louisville, Kentucky, from 1979 to 1980. In 1982, Hoon became a practising barrister in Nottingham.
Member of Parliament
Hoon was elected as a Member of the European Parliament for Derbyshire in 1984 and served in Brussels and Strasbourg for ten years. He was elected to the House of Commons at the 1992 general election for Ashfield, making his maiden speech on 20 May 1992, following the retirement of the sitting Labour MP, Frank Haynes. He held the seat with a majority of 12,987 and remained as the MP until the 2010 general election.
Hoon acquired the irreverent nickname Buff (Buffoon). Although it was originally rumoured to have been the invention of a member of the Conservative Party, fellow Labour Party colleague Peter Kilfoyle recently took responsibility.
Shadow Cabinet and early government posts
In Parliament, Hoon was promoted by Tony Blair in 1994 when he was appointed as an opposition whip, and in 1995 he joined the frontbench team as a spokesman on Trade and Industry. Following the 1997 general election he became a member of the government of Tony Blair as the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Lord Chancellor's Department, being promoted to the rank of Minister of State in the same department in 1998.
In 1999, Hoon was briefly a minister at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office with responsibility for Asia, the Pacific, Middle East and North Africa. He entered the cabinet later in the year as the Secretary of State for Defence, at which time he became a member of the Privy Council. He served as the Lord Privy Seal and the Leader of the House of Commons from the 2005 general election until 5 May 2006, when he was appointed as Minister for Europe.
Secretary of State for Defence
On 11 October 1999 Hoon was appointed Secretary of State for Defence. His term took him through the 2000 British military intervention in the Sierra Leone Civil War and the NATO intervention in the 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia. The rest of his term was dominated by the start of the so-called War on Terror in 2001, including British participation in both the War in Afghanistan, Operation Herrick, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Operation Telic.
In a 2003 interview on the BBC's Breakfast with Frost, Hoon asserted that the UK was willing to use nuclear weapons against Iraqi forces "in the right circumstances, namely in extreme self defence."
On 23 June 2003, Hoon, in common with many Western politicians, continued to claim that two trailers found in Iraq were mobile weapons laboratories. This was in spite of the fact that it had been leaked to the press by David Kelly and other weapons inspectors that they were nothing of the sort. The trailers were for filling hydrogen balloons for artillery ranging and were sold to Iraq by a British company, Marconi.
In an April 2004 interview, Hoon said that more could have been done to help Kelly, who committed suicide on 17 July 2003 after being named as the source of Andrew Gilligan's disputed Today programme contribution.
Comments on cluster bombs
Shortly after the US/UK led invasion of Iraq began in 2003, following an admission by the Ministry of Defence that Britain had dropped 50 airborne cluster bombs in the south of Iraq and left behind up to 800 unexploded bomblets, it was put to Hoon in a Radio 4 interview that an Iraqi mother of a child killed by these cluster bombs would not thank the British Army. He replied "One day they might." Hoon continued, "I accept that in the short term the consequences are terrible. No one minimises those and I'm not seeking to do so," he said. "But what I am saying is that this is a country that has been brutalised for decades by this appalling regime and that the restoration of that country to its own people, the possibility of their deciding for themselves their future ... and indeed the way in which they go about their lives, ultimately, yes, that will be a better place for people in Iraq."
HMCS Chicoutimi comments
In 1998, Canada purchased four Upholder-class submarines and a suite of trainers from the Royal Navy to replace their decommissioned Oberon-class submarines. The Upholder class entered Royal Navy service from 1990 to 1993 at the end of the Cold War, and were deemed surplus as part of the Peace Dividend and refocus on a nuclear submarine fleet. They were placed into storage until Canada purchased them.
On 5 October 2004 HMCS Chicoutimi, sailing from Faslane Naval Base to Nova Scotia declared an emergency northwest of Ireland following a fire on board. The fire was caused by seawater entering through open hatches in rough seas. It soaked electrical insulation which had not been sufficiently waterproofed (since it conformed to an older specification than the three other submarines), starting a fire. The Chicoutimi lost power and wallowed in the seas NW of Ireland. An Irish Naval vessel was damaged by the heavy seas when trying to get to the Chicoutimi but another the LÉ Aoife was able to reach her and took over from British Royal Navy frigates HMS Montrose and Marlborough as the scene coordinator on the 6th of October. Three crewmen were airlifted to Sligo General Hospital in Ireland where Lt(N) Chris Saunders died subsequently from the effects of smoke inhalation.
Following claims made in the Canadian media about the cause of the fire, blaming the UK for supplying an unsafe vessel, Hoon accompanied his condolences for Saunders by stating that Canada would be charged for the rescue and stating that Canada as the buyer had to beware. In Canada, many World War II veterans were outraged by his comments, considering Canada's sacrifice for Britain during both World Wars.
Comments on Extraordinary Rendition
Hoon was criticised by an international delegation of European MPs for evading questions about Britain's co-operation with the CIA's so-called 'extraordinary rendition' programme,even though he knew nothing about the programme. Hoon, then Minister for Europe, was being quizzed in the wake of Dick Marty's Council of Europe report which found extensive involvement of European countries, including Britain, in the US kidnapping and torture programme.
Secretary of State for Transport
In the reshuffle after the sudden resignation of the Secretary of State for Transport, Ruth Kelly, during the 2008 Labour Party Conference, Hoon became the Secretary of State for Transport on 3 October 2008. His former role as Labour Chief Whip was given to Nick Brown.
In January 2009, Hoon gave the official go-ahead for the controversial expansion of Heathrow Airport. Later that same year, Transport Secretary Hoon oversaw the launch of the vehicle scrappage scheme; which was intended to encourage motorists to scrap their older, more polluting vehicles for a discount off a more modern, more environmentally friendly newer car from participating companies.
Hoon resigned from his post as Transport Secretary on 5 June 2009 during a Cabinet reshuffle, saying that he wanted to spend more time with his family. On 6 January 2010, he and fellow ex-minister Patricia Hewitt jointly called for a secret ballot on the future of the leadership of Gordon Brown. The following day, he said that it appeared to have failed and was "over". Brown later referred to the call for a secret ballot as a "form of silliness". After the failed coup there was a backlash against Hoon which flowed over into his Ashfield constituency in Nottinghamshire where some Labour party members wanted to deselect him.
Hoon had said that he would defend his seat at the 2010 general election but according to the Financial Times he had "finally bowed to pressure" and on 11 February 2010, he announced that he would stand down as an MP at the next election. After his retirement from politics he helped to set up a consultancy firm "TaylorHoon Strategy". He is now Managing Director of International Business at helicopter-maker AgustaWestland.
In April 2009, it emerged that Hoon had rented out his London home and claimed expenses on his constituency house, as approved by the Fees Office of the House of Commons. For security reasons he was required to live in state-owned accommodation at Admiralty House. Whilst this was rent free it involved significant costs. He made clear that he had only claimed what he was entitled to under the rules of the House of Commons.
Dispatches lobbyist investigation
Hoon was one of the MPs named in the 2010 sting operation on political lobbying by the Channel 4 Dispatches programme. Hoon told an undercover reporter that he wanted to translate his knowledge and contacts into something that "frankly makes money". On 22 March 2010 it was announced he had been suspended from the Parliamentary Labour Party, alongside Patricia Hewitt and Stephen Byers.
On 9 December 2010, Hoon, along with Stephen Byers and Richard Caborn were banned from having an ex-members pass. The Standards and Privileges Committee banned Hoon for a minimum five years as his was the most serious breach, whilst Byers received two years and Caborn six months.
- Wintour, Patrick (23 January 2004). "The Guardian profile: Geoff Hoon". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
- "Geoff Hoon: You Ask The Questions". The Independent. United Kingdom: The Independent. 20 October 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Jarvis, Alice-Azania (21 January 2010). "Pandora: Kilfoyle: I gave Geoff his 'Buff Hoon' nickname". The Independent. London.
- "Geoff Hoon: Defence Secretary". 2 March 2001. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- "For the defence: Geoff Hoon". BBC News. 12 October 1999. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
- "UK restates nuclear threat". BBC News Online. 2 February 2003.
- Geoff Hoon, interview by David Frost, Breakfast with Frost, BBC News, 23 February 2003
- Hansard (23 June 2003). "Hansard – Written Answers – Column 696". House of Commons Hansard. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
- Hutton (24 September 2003). "Hutton Inquiry Hearing Transcripts – Peter Stuart Beaumont". The Hutton Inquiry. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
- Peter Beaumont, Antony Barnett and Gaby Hinsliff (15 June 2003). "Iraqi mobile labs nothing to do with germ warfare, report finds". The Observer. London. Retrieved 24 July 2007.
- "Hoon admits mistakes over Kelly". BBC News Online. 24 April 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2008.
- "Iraq inquiry: 45-minute weapon claim 'new' to Hoon". BBC News Online. 19 January 2010.
- "Hoon is 'cruel' for claims on cluster bombs By Paul Waugh and Ben Russell". The Independent. London. 5 April 2003. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Rescue ship reaches sub crew". BBC News. 7 October 2004.
- "Chicoutimi fire could have been worse: report". CTV News. 18 October 2004. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- Hoon 'unhelpful and evasive' about American rendition flights, say MEPs, by Ben Russell. The Independent, 7 October 2006.
- Swaine, Jon; Porter, Andrew (3 October 2008). "Peter Mandelson 'returns to Government in Gordon Brown's reshuffle'". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Go-ahead for new Heathrow runway". BBC News Online. 15 February 2009.
- "Walkouts and a Wipeout, But Brown Clings On". Sky News. 5 June 2009.
- Kettle, Martin (6 January 2010). "Hewitt and Hoon's great gamble". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Gordon Brown says leadership challenge was 'silliness'". BBC News Online. 10 January 2010.
- "Iraq inquiry: 45-minute weapon claim 'new' to Hoon". BBC News Online. 19 January 2010.
- "Hoon bows to pressure to step down as MP". The Financial Times. 11 February 2010.
- Agusta Westland Corporate Comms
- "Geoff Hoon 'claimed expenses for third home'". Politics.co.uk. 5 April 2009.
- Insight: Jobseeker Geoff Hoon plans to cash in Sunday Times, 21 March 2010
- Labour Suspends 'Cash-For-Lobby' MPs Sky News, 22 March 2010
- "Three Former MPs Face Parliamentary Ban". Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Articles authored at Journalisted
- Collected news from The New York Times
- Taylorhoon Strategy
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Ashfield
Gloria De Piero
| Minister for Europe
| Secretary of State for Defence
| Leader of the House of Commons
| Lord Privy Seal|
| Minister for Europe
| Chief Whip of the Labour Party
| Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury|
| Secretary of State for Transport
The Lord Adonis