Geoffrey Eglinton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Geoffrey Eglinton
Born (1927-11-01)1 November 1927
Cardiff, Wales
Died 11 March 2016(2016-03-11) (aged 88)
Institutions University of Bristol
Alma mater University of Manchester
Known for Eglinton reaction
Notable awards FRS (1976)[1]
Children Timothy Eglinton

Geoffrey Eglinton, FRS[1] (1 November 1927 – 11 March 2016) was a British chemist and Emeritus Professor and Senior Research Fellow in Earth Sciences at University of Bristol.[2]

Education[edit]

Eglinton was educated at Sale Grammar School and the University of Manchester where he was awarded Bachelor of Science, Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor of Science degrees.[3]

Research and career[edit]

Eglinton's insights into the geological fate of organic compounds have made him an internationally respected biogeochemist. In addition to the significance of his research on molecular biomarkers (‘chemical fossils’), he was responsible for developing numerous experimental techniques that remain in widespread use.[1]

One of the first researchers to illustrate the potential of coupled gas chromatography–mass spectrometry in organic geochemistry, Eglinton also pioneered the use of infrared spectroscopy to characterise both inter- and intra-molecular hydrogen bonding. These innovative techniques improved understanding of diverse aspects of the distribution, stable isotopic content and provenance of organic compounds in the global environment.[1]

Awards and honours[edit]

Eglinton was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1976.[1] He won the Royal Medal in 1997 "In recognition of his contribution to our understanding of the way in which chemicals move from the living biosphere to the fossil geosphere, in particular the origin, genesis, maturation and migration of oil which has had great repercussions on the petroleum industry.",[4]

With John M. Hayes he was awarded the Urey Medal of the European Association of Geochemistry in 1997.[5]

In 2000 he received the V. M. Goldschmidt Award of the Geochemical Society.[6]

He was awarded the Wollaston Medal in 2004.[7]

He was a co-winner of the Dan David Prize in 2008 for his studies of organic chemical fossils, which reveal the inhabitants and climates of ancient worlds. (He shared the prize with Ellen Moseley-Thompson and Lonnie G. Thompson). [8][9]

The Eglinton reaction is named after him. Professor Guy Orpen, Deputy Vice-Chancellor of the University of Bristol, said of his achievements: "He was one of the giants. His influence is still a key strand of our institutional future, and will be for a long time to come." [10]

Geoffrey’s team at the University of Bristol’s celebrated Organic Geochemistry Unit was chosen to conduct the first organic analyses of moon rocks brought to Earth in 1969 by astronauts aboard Apollo 11. He has been awarded the NASA Gold Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Eglinton married Pamela Joan Coupland,[when?] and had two sons, and one daughter. His son Timothy Eglinton is a Professor of Biogeoscience at the Geological Institute, ETH Zürich.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Professor Geoffrey Eglinton FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:

    “All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.” --Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies at the Wayback Machine (archived September 25, 2015)

  2. ^ Freeman, Katherine H. (2016). "Geoffrey Eglinton (1927–2016) Pioneer of molecular-fossil research". Nature. 532 (7599): 314–314. doi:10.1038/532314a. PMID 27127818. 
  3. ^ Eglinton, Prof. Geoffrey. Who's Who. 2014 (online edition via Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required)
  4. ^ "Royal Medal Winners: 2007-1990". Archived from the original on December 19, 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  5. ^ "Urey Award European Association of Geochemistry". European Association of Geochemistry. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "V.M. Goldschmidt Award :: Geochemical Society". Geochemical Society. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "Wollaston Medal". Award Winners since 1831. Geological Society of London. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  8. ^ "Bristol University | News | 2008: Dan David Prize". Bristol.ac.uk. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  9. ^ "Dan David Prize laureate 2008". Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Bristol University | News | March: Geoff Eglinton". Bristol.ac.uk. 2016-03-14. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  11. ^ Eglinton, Timothy I.; Eglinton, Geoffrey (2008). "Molecular proxies for paleoclimatology". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 275 (1-2): 1–16. Bibcode:2008E&PSL.275....1E. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.012.