Geoffrey Saxton White
Geoffrey Saxton White
|Born||2 July 1886|
|Died||28 January 1918 (aged 31)|
Lost at sea Dardanelles, Turkey
Portsmouth Naval Memorial
|Years of service||1902-1918|
|Commands held||HMS E14|
Geoffrey Saxton White VC (2 July 1886 – 28 January 1918) was an English Royal Navy officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Early life and career
The VC action
On 28 January 1918 in the Dardanelles, Turkey, Lieutenant-Commander White, commanding British submarine E.14 was under instructions to find the German battlecruiser Goeben, which was reported to be aground. She was not found, however, and E.14 turned back. Then came the following sequence of events, for which White was posthumously awarded the VC on 24 May 1919:
Admiralty, S.W., 24th May, 1919.
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the posthumous award of the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Officers : —
Lieutenant-Commander Geoffrey Saxton White, R.N.
For most conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty as Commanding Officer of H.M. Submarine "E 14" on the 28th of January, 1918.
"E 14" left Mudros on the 27th of January under instructions to force the Narrows and attack the "Goeben" which was reported aground off Nagara Point after being damaged during her sortie from the Dardanelles. The latter vessel was not found and "E 14" turned back. At about 8.45 a.m. on 28 January a torpedo was fired from "E 14" at an enemy ship; 11 seconds after the torpedo left the tube a heavy explosion took place, caused all lights to go out, and sprang the fore hatch. Leaking badly the boat was blown to 15 feet, and at once a heavy fire came from the forts, but the hull was not hit. "E 14" then dived and proceeded on her way out.
Soon afterwards the boat became out of control, and as the air supply was nearly exhausted, Lieutenant-Commander White decided to run the risk of proceeding on the surface. Heavy fire was immediately opened from both sides, and, after running the gauntlet for half-an-hour, being steered from below, "E 14" was so badly damaged that Lieutenant-Commander White turned towards the shore in order to give the crew a chance of being saved. He remained on deck the whole time himself until he was killed by a shell.
White's body was not recovered at the time, and he has no known grave. He is commemorated on the Portsmouth Naval Memorial.
The medal is now owned by his grandson.
- Copping, Jasper (17 June 2012). "Found after 94 years - the submarine which won two VCs". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36854). London. 23 August 1902. p. 8.
- "Submariners Association". Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
- "No. 31354". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 May 1919. p. 6445.
- "Casualty details—White, Geoffrey Saxton". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
- Mackenzie, Craig (17 June 2012). "Sunken treasure: First World war submarine whose two captains won the Victoria Cross is discovered off Turkish coast 94 years after she went down". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)
- VCs of the First World War - The Naval VCs (Stephen Snelling, 2002)