|Birth name||Geoffrey Peter Bede Hawkshaw Tozer|
5 November 1954|
|Died||21 August 2009
|Years active||1962 – 2009|
Geoffrey Peter Bede Hawkshaw Tozer (5 November 1954 – 21 August 2009) was an Australian classical pianist and composer. A child prodigy, he composed an opera at the age of eight, and became the youngest recipient of a Churchill Fellowship award at 13. His career included tours of Europe, America, Australia and China, where he performed the Yellow River Concerto to an estimated audience of 80 million people. Tozer had more than 100 concertos in his repertoire, including those of Mozart, Beethoven, Liszt, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Medtner, Rachmaninoff, Bartók, Stravinsky, Prokofiev and Gerhard.
Tozer recorded for the Chandos label, beginning with the works of Medtner. He was regarded as a "superb recitalist" and had the ability to improvise, transpose "instantly" and reduce an orchestral score to a piano score at sight. Tozer won numerous awards and much recognition worldwide, but suffered comparative neglect in Australia, during the last years of his life.
Conceived in Tasmania, Tozer was born in 1954 at Mussoorie, a hill station in the Indian Himalayas. His mother was Veronica Tozer (née Hawkshaw), a gifted musician and pianist who had become a music teacher to support herself and her two sons after her separation and subsequent divorce from Colonel (later Major-General) Donald Tozer. In the summer of 1954 she visited Tasmania to recover from a serious medical condition. There she met Geoffrey Conan-Davies, who was the son of an Anglican minister and who had studied theology himself during his years at Oxford University. He was a retired colonial administrator, formerly of East Africa, who was married to Ermyntrude (née Malet), with whom he had four children. Veronica then returned to India, where Tozer was born. He lived his first four years in India, thanks to the generosity of Princess Usha. At the age of three, he picked out the notes of Beethoven's Appassionata Sonata, which his mother had been teaching a pupil. He moved with his mother and older brother Peter to Melbourne, where Veronica taught him Beethoven, Bach and Bartók. He attended St Joseph's Parish School, Malvern, and then De La Salle College, Malvern. In 1962, at the age of eight, Tozer performed Bach's Concerto No. 5 in F minor with the Victorian Symphony Orchestra under Clive Douglas, in a concert that was televised nationally on ABC TV. In April 1964, at Melbourne's Nicholas Hall, he performed the same concerto with the Astra Orchestra under George Logie-Smith. In February 1965 he performed the Haydn Piano Concerto in D before a live audience at the Myer Music Bowl, a performance which can be heard on the disc issued to coincide with his Celebration Forty tour in 2004. Within four years he had played all five Beethoven concertos.
He studied with Eileen Ralf and Keith Humble in Australia, Maria Curcio (the last and favourite pupil of Artur Schnabel) in England, and Theodore Lettvin in the USA. Eileen Ralf lived in Hobart, and the airline TAA flew Geoffrey to Hobart and back every week for lessons, free of charge. He later described Eileen Ralf's teaching as "the greatest musical gift given me". Aged fourteen years, he became the youngest semi-finalist ever at the Leeds International Piano Competition and soon afterwards made his European debut at a BBC Promenade Concert in the Royal Albert Hall, with the BBC Symphony Orchestra under Sir Colin Davis. He was the youngest person to be awarded a Churchill Fellowship.
He performed at the inaugural concert of the Melbourne Concert Hall in 1982. In the early 1980s he taught at the University of Michigan. From 1983 he based himself in Canberra and briefly taught at the Canberra School of Music before his touring and recording schedules made this impractical. His early recordings were not commercially released; his first commercial recording, in 1986, was of John Ireland's Piano Concerto in E-flat with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra conducted by David Measham, still considered by many the best recording of the work. In 1989 he worked with Peter Sculthorpe to record a disc of Sculthorpe's works for piano and strings.
When Tatiana Nikolayeva visited Australia in the 1990s, she asked to be introduced to "the one who plays like a Russian", meaning Geoffrey Tozer. In 1993, Tozer made his first tour of China, appearing in Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and other cities. In 1994, he made the first complete recording of the four piano concertos of Ottorino Respighi, with the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra under Sir Edward Downes.
In May 2001, Tozer was the first Western artist to perform the Yellow River Concerto in China, at the invitation of the Chinese Ministry of Culture. His performance, which received a standing ovation, was broadcast live on Chinese national television and was watched by an estimated audience of 80 million people.
In May 2003, Tozer gave a recital in New York City with Colin McPhillamy, in which they gave the first performance in the United States of Nikolai Medtner's The Treehouse. This followed an appearance in Birmingham to play in a tribute to Medtner's foremost pupil, the late Edna Iles.
Tozer championed the music of many under-recorded composers, such as Respighi, Alan Rawsthorne, John Blackwood McEwen, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Roberto Gerhard, Percy Grainger, John Ireland (the Piano Concerto in E-flat) and Nikolai Tcherepnin. At one Berlin Festival, Tozer gave an all-Artur Schnabel concert, in the presence of the entire Schnabel family; he has also recorded Schnabel's music.
Tozer also championed another Melbourne prodigy, pianist Noel Mewton-Wood, who died in 1953. Tozer has said of him: "He was the most stimulating and intellectually powerful pianist Australia has ever produced. He had been completely forgotten before his work reappeared on CD and everyone realised how revolutionary his playing was." Tozer first heard of him when he prepared to play Bach and Beethoven as a seven-year-old for Mewton-Wood's former Melbourne teacher, Waldemar Seidel. "I played a few bars and he jumped up shouting, 'Noel's come back'. I had never heard of him, of course. But, after listening to his records, I realised it was the greatest musical compliment I've ever received." Tozer arranged for solo piano some of the music written by Mewton-Wood for the 1944 film Tawny Pipit.
Tozer was a noted improviser. He sometimes ended formal recitals by improvisations using themes and styles suggested by the audience: Donizetti, Bellini, Rossini, Verdi, Wagner, Bartók, Piazzolla, Cage, Satie, Gershwin and Brahms simultaneously, and many others.
In January 2003, to celebrate Miriam Hyde's ninetieth birthday, the ABC broadcast Tozer performing her music live, from the Eugene Goossens Hall, Sydney. This included her Piano Sonata in G minor. He played one of her two piano concertos at the Australian Institute of Music in 2005, to an audience of only 15 people. Miriam Hyde said the concerto needed someone of Geoffrey Tozer's power to play it.
In an obituary after Tozer's death, former Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating lashed the "indifference" and "malevolence" toward Tozer from the arts establishment in Australia. He had last played with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra in 1994, and with the Sydney Symphony Orchestra in 1995.
Honours and awards
Tozer received several major awards twice in his lifetime. He won his first Churchill Fellowship at 14 and won a second at 17; this was possible only because the Churchill Committee decided to lower the minimum age by five years in recognition of Tozer's talents. He was also twice awarded Israel's Rubinstein Medal, in 1977 and 1980; on the first occasion, he was handed the prize personally by Arthur Rubinstein, who described him as "an extraordinary pianist".
He was awarded two consecutive Australian Artists Creative Fellowships, worth more than A$500,000 in total, in the 1990s. The grants were inaugurated after Paul Keating met Tozer while he was teaching at St Edmund's College, the Canberra school where Keating's son Patrick was a student. Keating, who cites Tozer as Australia's greatest pianist, said he felt "ashamed" that a pianist of Tozer's talents was earning only A$9,000 a year, so he introduced the fellowships (they are sometimes referred to as "the Keatings") and the first five-year award in 1989 (A$329,000) went to Tozer. He was the subject of at least one political cartoon.
The fellowships allowed Tozer to travel to London to commence his recording career. He recorded most of the solo piano works of Nikolai Medtner. His recording for Chandos of the three Medtner piano concertos with the London Philharmonic Orchestra under Neeme Järvi won a Diapason d'Or prize in 1992. and was also nominated for a Grammy award. Although a few recordings of the concertos had been made before the advent of CDs, Tozer's recordings are regarded as an important early addition to the recorded repertoire of the Medtner concertos using modern recording techniques. His Medtner recordings were described by the French critic Alain Cochard as "a landmark in recorded history". He wrote "All that Medtner demands, Tozer possesses. This is the playing of a grand master; there is no doubt about it". In 2001, on the anniversary of Nikolai Medtner's death, he gave a recital of Medtner's works to a capacity audience in Melbourne; however, this concert received no reviews in any media.
His other international awards included Hungary's Liszt Centenary Medallion, Belgium's Prix Alex De Varies and Britain's Royal Overseas League Medallion, although he received no similar honours in Australia.
In 1996 his recording of piano works by Ferruccio Busoni won the Soundscapes (Australia) prize for "Record of the Year".
While Tozer was undoubtedly affected by the deaths of his mother in 1996, and his long-time manager Reuben Fineberg in 1997, it is debatable whether, as some obituaries claimed, he "became unwell but carried on". According to his medical records, his illness did not become apparent until at least seven years after the death of his mother.
On 21 August 2009, he died from liver disease at the East Malvern house in Melbourne in which he lived as a child, having been released from the Alfred Hospital the previous week. He was survived by four of five siblings.
A public memorial service was held on 1 October 2009 at St Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne. In a stinging address that lasted 45 minutes, the former Prime Minister, Paul Keating, said that Tozer
deserved to be remembered alongside the Australian triumvirate of Nellie Melba, Percy Grainger and Joan Sutherland, he was treated with indifference, contempt and malevolence by the Melbourne and Sydney symphony orchestras. The people who chose repertoire for those two orchestras and who had charge of the selection of artists during this period should hang their heads in shame at their neglect of him. ... If anyone needs a case example of the bitchiness and preference within the arts in Australia, here you have it.
He compared Tozer to the pianists Emil Gilels, Arthur Rubinstein, Sviatoslav Richter, Ferruccio Busoni, Artur Schnabel, and the soprano Maria Callas, who died alone in Paris in 1977. Keating said, "In the end, his liver failed. But I think I have to say we all let him down. ... We should have cared more and done more."
- "Obituaries: Geoffrey Tozer: Australian virtuoso pianist" (requires subscription). The Times (London, England). 23 September 2009. p. 51. ISSN 0140-0460. 208282863.
- Keating, Paul (2 October 2009). "Geoffrey Tozer eulogy delivered by Paul Keating". The Australian. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Personal diary of Veronica Tozer. Tozer Collection (National Library of Australia).
- Munro, Ian (9 September 2009). "Child piano prodigy who became an artist of brilliance and depth". The Guardian (London, England).
- Lundy, Darryl (16 February 2012). "Geoffrey Wynne Severn Conan-Davies". The Peerage. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Keating, Paul (1 October 2009). "We should never again neglect artists like the late Geoffrey Tozer" (This is the eulogy delivered at the memorial service at St Patrick's Cathedral in Melbourne). National Times (Australia). Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Carman, Gerry (27 August 2009). "Obituary: Child prodigy hit the highest notes". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- Immelman, Niel (14 April 2009). "Obituary: Maria Curcio". The Guardian (London, England). Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Music Obituaries: Maria Curcio". The Telegraph (London, England). 7 April 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2012.[dead link]
- Oron, Aryeh. "Geoffrey Tozer (Piano)". Short Biography. Bach Cantatas website. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Waterman, Fanny. "History of the Leeds Piano Competition".
- "On Our Selection 1: Fables, dreams, legends...". Australian Music. Australia: ABC Classic FM. 8 November 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Rickards, Guy (4 September 2009). "Obituary: Geoffrey Tozer, pianist". Gramophone. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
- Tozer, Geoffrey (1989). "An Actor's Revenge: Piano vocal score". Opera by Minoru Miki. Retrieved 18 February 2012.[dead link]
- Keating, Paul (2 October 2009). "Indifference to Tozer's genius is a disgrace". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Usher, Robin (17 February 2004). "Tozer back on the road". The Age. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Shmith, Michael (2 October 2009). "Keating offers bittersweet tribute to neglected great". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Nicholson cartoons[dead link]
- "Music obituaries: Geoffrey Tozer". The Telegraph (London, England). 15 October 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- France, John (February 2005). "The Piano Works of Nikolai Medtner - Volume 8". MusicWeb International (Len Mullenger).[dead link]
- Personal Medical Records of Geoffrey Tozer from Folio 10, 'G.P.B.H.Tozer' Personal History, G.P.B.H. Tozer Collection held by Estate of Geoffrey Tozer, Dr Peter Wyllie Johnston
- "Top pianist mourned". Bendigo Advertiser. 25 August 2009.
- Rintoul, Stuart (2 October 2009). "Paul Keating comes to bury Geoffrey Tozer and praise him". The Australian. Retrieved 18 February 2012.[dead link]