List of geographic centers of the United States
This is a list of geographic centers of each U.S. state. Note that the geographic center of the entire U.S. is northeast of Belle Fourche in Butte County, South Dakota , while that of the contiguous 48 is near Lebanon in Smith County, Kansas . The geographic center of North America lies near Rugby, North Dakota , though this designation has no official status.
Centers of the states and Washington, DC
The list given below has been only slightly modified since it was first produced by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in the early 1920s. At that time, the center for a state was found by suspending a cardboard cutout of the state by a string, and then drawing a vertical line from the suspension point. After rotating the cutout 90 degrees and drawing another vertical line from the new suspension point, the intersection of the two vertical lines was used as the geographic center. The result is dependent upon the type of projection used.
Updated list of geographic centers
Although there have been different definitions offered for the geographic center, an intuitive one, and one used by the USGS, is "the center of gravity of the surface, or that point on which the surface of the area would balance if it were a plane of uniform thickness." An updated list of geographic centers using this definition (which is equivalent to the state's centroid) is given below. It was derived by minimizing the sum of squared great circle distances from all points of land in a state (including islands, but not coastal waters, following the earlier practice of the USGS). It represents a slight improvement over the list originally published 
The geographic center of the contiguous United States, determined in this way, is at (39.8000 N, 99.1086 W); this is 2.7 miles from Agra, Kansas, 4.7 miles from Kensington, Kansas, and 27.9 great circle miles west of the longstanding designated center of Lebanon, Kansas.
|Alabama||12.1 mi (19.5 km) southwest of Clanton|
|Alaska||77.9 mi (125.4 km) northwest of Denali|
|Arizona||49.7 mi (80.0 km) east-southeast of Prescott|
|Arkansas||14.2 mi (22.9 km) northwest of Little Rock|
|California||36 mi (58 km) northeast of Madera,|
|Colorado||29.2 mi (47.0 km) northwest of Pikes Peak,|
|Connecticut||1.1 mi (1.8 km) east of East Berlin|
|Delaware||11.7 mi (18.8 km) south of Dover|
|District of Columbia||Near 3rd and P Streets, Northwest|
|Florida||5.8 mi (9.3 km) northwest of Brooksville|
|Georgia||17.7 mi (28.5 km) southeast of Macon|||
|Hawaii||27.7 mi (44.6 km) off-shore south of Wailea-Makena|
|Idaho||21.4 mi (34.4 km) west-southwest of Challis|
|Illinois||28.8 mi (46.3 km) northeast of Springfield|
|Indiana||10.8 mi (17.4 km) northwest of Indianapolis|
|Iowa||7 mi (11 km) northeast of Ames|
|Kansas||22.6 mi (36.4 km) northeast of Great Bend|
|Kentucky||3.4 mi (5.5 km) southwest of Lebanon|
|Louisiana||5.8 mi (9.3 km) southeast of Marksville|
|Maine||12.6 mi (20.3 km) northwest of Dover-Foxcroft|
|Maryland||12.6 mi (20.3 km) northwest of Davidsonville|
|Massachusetts||Irving St. and Wellington St., Worcester|
|Michigan||6.6 mi (10.6 km) west of Cadillac|
|Minnesota||10 mi (16 km) southwest of Brainerd|
|Mississippi||7.7 mi (12.4 km) west-northwest of Carthage|
|Missouri||21 mi (34 km) southwest of Jefferson City|
|Montana||10.1 mi (16.3 km) west of Lewistown|
|Nebraska||12.3 mi (19.8 km) northwest of Broken Bow|
|Nevada||26 mi (42 km) southeast of Austin|
|New Hampshire||2.6 mi (4.2 km) east of Ashland|
|New Jersey||4.3 mi (6.9 km) southeast of Trenton|
|New Mexico||13.8 mi (22.2 km) south-southwest of Willard|
|New York||11.5 mi (18.5 km) south-southeast of Oneida|
|North Carolina||12.7 mi (20.4 km) northwest of Sanford|
|North Dakota||2.7 mi (4.3 km) southwest of McClusky|
|Ohio||24.9 mi (40.1 km) north-northeast of Columbus|
|Oklahoma||4.4 mi (7.1 km) south of Edmond|
|Oregon||29.1 mi (46.8 km) southeast of Prineville|
|Pennsylvania||2.7 mi (4.3 km) southwest of Bellefonte, in State College|
|Rhode Island||2.4-mile (3.9 km) west of Crompton, in West Warwick|
|South Carolina||9.7 mi (15.6 km) southeast of Columbia|
|South Dakota||7.9 mi (12.7 km) northeast of Pierre|
|Tennessee||2.5 mi (4.0 km) northeast of Murfreesboro|
|Texas||23.6 mi (38.0 km) north of Brady|
|Utah||3.1 mi (5.0 km) northwest of Manti|
|Vermont||3.7 mi (6.0 km) southeast of Roxbury|
|Virginia||16.6 mi (26.7 km) west of Buckingham|
|Washington||7 mi (11 km) west-southwest of Wenatchee|
|West Virginia||4.9 mi (7.9 km) east-southeast of Sutton|
|Wisconsin||9.3 mi (15.0 km) east-southeast of Marshfield|
|Wyoming||60.6 mi (97.5 km) east-northeast of Lander|
- Geographical centre
- List of extreme points of the United States
- List of extreme points of U.S. states
- List of U.S. states by elevation
- Mean center of the United States population
- Geographic center of the United States
- Geographic center of the contiguous United States
- Douglas, E.M. 1923. Boundaries, Areas, Geographic Centers, and Altitudes of the United States and Several States. Bulletin 689. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, DC.
- Adams, Oscar, S. 1932. Geographical Centers. The Military Engineer 24, 138: 586-587.
- "The Geography of Wyoming".
- Van Zandt, Franklin. 1966. Boundaries of the United States and the Several States. Bulletin 1212. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, DC.
- Rogerson, P. 2015. A New Method for Finding Geographic Centers, with Application to the U.S. States. The Professional Geographer. Published online Aug 15, 2015; DOI:10.1080/00330124.2015.1062707 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00330124.2015.1062707#.Vd30QflVhBc Retrieved 2015-08-26
- A marker, dated 1981, at a nearby road intersection states: "The Geologic Survey Branch of the Department of Natural Resources determined the central point to be at latitude 32° 38' 46" N., longitude 83° 25' 54" W."
- U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. "Geographic Center of the United States" (PDF). ngs.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- "States and Capitals". 50states.com. 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
- "Geography of the 50 States". Netstate.com. 29 February 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-22.