List of countries where Arabic is an official language

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Nations in which Arabic is an official language (de facto or de jure). Arabic in countries with more than 50% Arabic-speakers is considered a majority language, otherwise it is a minority language.
  Official as majority language
  Official as minority language
  Co-official as majority language
  Co-official as minority language
  Not official as minority language

Arabic and its different dialets are spoken by around 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world as well as in the Arab diaspora making it one of the five most spoken languages in the world.

Countries with Arabic as an official language[edit]

As of 2016, there are 29 independent nations where Arabic is an official language. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language.

Countries where Arabic is an official language
No Country Population Notes No. of Arabic Speakers[1]  % of Arabic Speakers[2]
1.  Algeria 41,701,000 Co-official language, along with Berber 40,100,000 80.00
2.  Bahrain 1,343,000 Official language 690,302 81.4
3.  Chad 10,329,208 Co-official language, along with French 1,320,000 1.81
4.  Comoros 798,000 Co-official language, along with French and Comorian
5.  Djibouti 810,179 Co-official language, along with French 97,900 1.32
6.  Egypt 90,000,000 Official language 82,449,200 93.18
7.  Eritrea 6,380,803 Co-official language, along with English and Tigrinya 249,700 3.83
8.  Iraq 36,004,552 Co-official language, along with Kurdish 22,908,120 85.81
9.  Israel 8,238,300 Co-official language, along with Hebrew 2,039,000 24.82
10.  Jordan 6,655,000 Official language 5,083,300 96.93
11.  Kuwait 2,789,000 Official language 1,735,000 82.21
12.  Lebanon 4,965,914 Co-official language, along with French 4,180,000 91.44
13.  Libya 6,244,174 Official language 4,526,000 72.09
14.  Malta 445,426 Maltese Arabic, Co-official language, along with English 423,154 95.00
15.  Mauritania 3,359,185 Official language 3,140,000 88.78
16.  Morocco 33,250,000 Co-official language, along with Berber 25,003,930 74.29
17.  Oman 4,055,418 Official language 2,518,816 88.6
18.  Palestine 4,484,000 Population of West Bank and Gaza 1,610,000 37.49
19.  Qatar 2,155,446 Official language 1,215,900 75.39
20.  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
(Western Sahara)
548,000 Co-official language, along with Spanish 561,540 98.00
21.  Saudi Arabia 30,770,375 Official language 27,178,770 95.62
22.  Somalia 10,428,043 Co-official language, along with Somali 3,788,000 31.26
23.  Somaliland 4,500,000 Co-official language, along with Somali and English 2,700,000 60.00
24.  Sudan 40,235,000 Co-official language, along with English 28,164,500 70.00
25.  Syria 20,956,000 Official language 17,951,639 91.71
26.  Tanzania
( Zanzibar)
1,303,569 Co-official language, along with English and Kiswahili
27.  Tunisia 10,982,754 Official language 10,800,500 98.34
28.  United Arab Emirates 9,346,129 Official language 3,607,600 39.71
29.  Yemen 23,833,000 Official language 14,671,000 54.68

Countries with Arabic as a national language or an official minority language[edit]

As of 2016, there are 6 independent nations where Arabic is a national language or an official minority language, but not primary language. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Arabic is a national language or an official minority language.

Countries where Arabic is a national language or an official minority language
No Country Population Region National language or Minority language
1.  Cyprus 1,141,166 Asia Minority language
2.  Iran 82,800,000 Asia Minority language
3.  Mali 14,517,176 Africa National language
4.  Niger 18,638,600 Africa National language
5.  Senegal 14,320,055 Africa National language
6.  Turkey 79,814,871 Asia Minority language

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Data taken from https://www.ethnologue.com/ Retrieved 21/03/2016
  2. ^ Used data taken from https://www.ethnologue.com/ and country population to get percentage. Retrieved 21/03/2016

External links[edit]