In Hong Kong and Macau, geographical constituencies, as opposed to functional constituencies, are elected by all eligible voters according to geographically demarcated constituencies. There are currently 5 geographical constituencies in Hong Kong. There are currently 1 general geographical constituency in Macau splitting into three sub-geographical constituencies.
The 5 geographical constituencies consist of the following:
- Hong Kong Island (current 6 seats)
- Kowloon West (current 6 seats)
- Kowloon East (current 5 seats)
- New Territories West (current 9 seats)
- New Territories East (current 9 seats)
On 21 January 2010, 5 pro-democracy lawmakers resigned from the Legislative Council in order to trigger a by-election in the 5 geographical constituencies. They claimed that the by-election can serve as a de facto referendum on universal suffrage and the abolish of functional constituencies. This is known as the Five Constituencies Referendum.
The 1 geographical constituency consists of the following:
- Cap 542 s18 Establishment of geographical constituencies Legislative Council Ordinance
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