Geography of Rottnest Island

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Rottnest Island lies 18 kilometres west of the coastline of Perth, Western Australia, and is 4.5 km (2.8m) at its widest, and 11 km long.

Rottnest Island.jpg

Coastline features[edit]

The coastline is approximately 24 kilometres long, and the bays, points, reefs and smaller islands are extensively named.

Topography[edit]

The named hills of Rottnest are Oliver Hill, Radar Hill and Mount Herschel, and the main lighthouse of the island is known as Wadjemup Lighthouse. The light house is a masterpeice

Named coastal features[edit]

  • Abraham Point
  • Armstrong Rock
  • Army Jetty
  • Basin (usually known as The Basin)[1]
  • Bathurst Point – location of the Bathurst Lighthouse
  • Bickley Bay – just south of Kingstown Barracks
  • Bickley Point
  • Cape Vlamingh – also known as West End
  • Cathedral Rocks – north west of West End
  • Catherine Bay
  • City of York Bay – west of Little Armstrong Bay
  • Crayfish Rocks
  • Duck Rock
  • Dyer Island
  • Eagle Bay – at the West End
  • Fairbridge Bluff
  • Fay's Bay
  • Fish Hook Bay
  • Green Island
  • Henrietta Rocks
  • Kingstown
  • Little Armstrong Bay
  • Little Parakeet Bay
  • Little Salmon Bay
  • Longreach Bay – between the Basin and Geordie Bay
  • Mabel Cove
  • Marjorie Bay
  • Mary Cove
  • Mushroom Rock
  • Nancy Cove – narrowest part of Island
  • Narrow Neck
  • North Point
  • Parakeet Bay
  • Parker Point – southernmost point
  • Phillip Point
  • Phillip Rocks
  • Pinky Beach
  • Porpoise Bay
  • Radar Reef – at West End
  • Ricey Beach
  • Rocky Bay
  • Salmon Bay
  • Salmon Point
  • South Point
  • Stark Bay
  • Strickland Bay[2]
  • Thomson Bay
  • Vera Rocks
  • Wallace Island
  • West End
  • Wilson Bay

Named lakes[edit]

Wells and Bores[edit]

The island is very limited in water supply and considerable numbers of bores have been sunk to keep water supply available. [4]

In 1976, Philip Playford's Geological Map of Rottnest [5] identified wells, abandoned wells, and bores on the island. The following is only a select list of the full range.

West End[edit]

  • Radar Hill just east of Cape Vlaming had Radar Station Well and was designated 'abandoned'.

South Coast[edit]

  • Parker Point between Salmon Bay And Porpoise Bay, had Parker Point Bores as 'abandoned', closer to Tree Hill the well and bore were active

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Orloff, Izzy; HRRC (1922), The Basin, Rottnest, retrieved 17 December 2011 
  2. ^ Known as 'Narrow Neck Bay' changed to Strickland in 1913 "Rottnest Island.". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 21 May 1913. p. 9. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "YACHTING.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954). Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 5 April 1926. p. 10. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  4. ^ Smith, RA (1994), "Groundwater Exploitation and Management on a Small Semiarid Island", Water Down Under 94: Groundwater/Surface Hydrology Common Interest Papers; Preprints of Papers, Institution of Engineers, Australia: 473–478, ISBN 978-0-85825-607-1 
  5. ^ Playford, Phillip E. (Phillip Elliott); Leech, R. E. J; Geological Survey of Western Australia (1976), Geological map of Rottnest Island, Geological Survey of Western Australia, ISBN 978-0-7244-6399-2  see also later edition in 1992 Playford, Phillip E. (Phillip Elliott); Leech, R. E. J; Geological Survey of Western Australia (1992), Geological map of Rottnest Island, Geological Survey of Western Australia, retrieved 11 December 2015 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°00′07″S 115°31′01″E / 32.002°S 115.517°E / -32.002; 115.517