Geographical regions of Turkey

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Regions of Turkey
Türkiye'nin bölgeleri  (Turkish)
CategoryUnitary state
LocationTurkish Republic
Number7
Populations5,966,101 (Eastern Anatolia) – 24,465,689 (Marmara)
Areas59,176 km2 (22,848 sq mi) (Southeastern Anatolia Region) –
165,436 km2 (63,875 sq mi) (Eastern Anatolia Region)
Government
Subdivisions
Map of the geographic regions, color-coded, with national (gray) and provincial borders (white).
List of geographical regions

The geographical regions of Turkey comprise seven regions (Turkish: bölge) which were originally defined at the country's First Geography Congress in 1941.[1] These seven regions are subdivided into twenty one sections (Turkish: bölüm), which are further split into numerous areas (Turkish: yöre) as defined by microclimate and bounded by local geographic formations.

"Regions" as defined in this context are merely for geographic, demographic, and economic purposes, and do not refer to an administrative division.

Regions and subregions[edit]

Region Capital Area (km2) Provinces Population Location
Aegean Region Izmir 85,000 8 10.477.153 Aegean Region in Turkey.svg
Black Sea Region Trabzon 143,537 18 7.696.132 Black Sea Region in Turkey.svg
Central Anatolia Region Ankara 163,057 13 12.896.255 Central Anatolia Region in Turkey.svg
Eastern Anatolia Region Van 165,436 14 6.513.106 Eastern Anatolia Region in Turkey.svg
Marmara Region Istanbul 67,000 11 24.899.126 Marmara Region in Turkey.svg
Mediterranean Region Antalya 122,927 8 10.584.506 Mediterranean Region in Turkey.svg
Southeastern Anatolia Region Sanliurfa 59,176 9 8.576.391 Southeastern Anatolia Region in Turkey.svg


Aegean Region
Blacksea Region
Central Anatolia Region
Eastern Anatolia Region
Marmara Region
Mediterranean Region
Southeastern Anatolia Region

Distinctions of the regions[edit]

The Aegean Region has:

  • the longest coastline
Artvin Province, East of the Blacksea Region

The Black Sea Region has:

  • highest annual precipitation
  • largest forest area
  • fewest sunshine hours
  • most landslides
Cappadoccia and famous fairy chimneys rock formation

The Central Anatolia Region has:

  • lowest annual precipitation,
  • most erosion

The Eastern Anatolia Region has:

  • largest area
  • highest altitude
  • lowest annual temperature
  • coldest winters
  • highest temperature difference between seasons
  • most volcanic activity
  • smallest population
  • highest[vague] mineral resources
İstanbul is crowded city of the Marmara Region and all Turkey

The Marmara Region has:

  • smallest area
  • lowest altitude[dubious ]
  • most climate diversity
  • highest energy consumption,
  • coolest summers,
  • largest population
Mediterranean Region is well-known sea-tourism zone because of own climate

The Mediterranean Region has:

  • highest annual temperature
  • mildest winters
  • wettest winters,
  • most greenhouse farming

The Southeastern Anatolia Region has:

  • hottest summers
  • driest summers
  • smallest forest area
  • most sunshine hours

Population by region[edit]

Population by region (2019)[2]
Region Population
Marmara 24,465,689
Central Anatolia 12,705,812
Mediterranean 10,552,942
Aegean 10,318,157
Southeastern Anatolia 8,876,531
Black Sea 7,674,496
Eastern Anatolia 5,966,101

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Ali Yiğit, "Geçmişten Günümüze Türkiye'yi Bölgelere Ayıran Çalışmalar ve Yapılması Gerekenler", Ankara Üniversitesi Türkiye Coğrafyası Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi, IV. Ulural Coğrafya Sempozyumu, "Avrupa Birliği Sürecindeki Türkiye'de Bölgesel Farklılıklar", pp. 34–35. Archived 2012-03-31 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Türkiye'nin Nüfus Haritası". www.icisleri.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-08-19.