Geography of French Guiana

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Coordinates: 4°00′N 53°00′W / 4.000°N 53.000°W / 4.000; -53.000

Geographic map of French Guiana

French Guiana is an overseas region of France, located on the northern coast of South America between Suriname and Brazil. The country is part of Caribbean South America and borders the North Atlantic Ocean.



Total: 91,000 km²
Land: 89,150 km²
Water: 1,850 km²

Land boundaries[edit]

Total: 1,183 km
Border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km (disputed)
Coastline: 378 km

Maritime claims[edit]

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi).

Land use[edit]

Arable land: 0%
Other: 10% (1996 est.)
Irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.)
Geography - note: mostly an unsettled wilderness.

Natural resources[edit]

Bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish, shrimp, rice, bananas.

Köppen climate classification map of French Guiana.


Tropical and hot with a Köppen climate classification of tropical rainforest (Af) throughout most of the country. High frequency of heavy showers, severe thunderstorms and flooding.


Low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains, see Guiana Shield.

Extreme Points[edit]

See also[edit]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website