Geography of French Guiana

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Geographic map of French Guiana

French Guiana is an overseas region of France, located on the northern coast of South America between Suriname and Brazil. See also the article on the geography of Suriname.


Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname.

Geographic coordinates[edit]

4°00′N 53°00′W / 4.000°N 53.000°W / 4.000; -53.000

Map references[edit]

South America.


Total: 91,000 km².
Land: 89,150 km².
Water: 1,850 km².

Land boundaries[edit]

Total: 1,183 km.
Border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km (disputed).
Coastline: 378 km.

Maritime claims[edit]

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi).


Tropical; hot.


Low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains, see Guiana Shield.

Extreme Points[edit]

Natural resources[edit]

Bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish, [shrimp], rice, bananas.

Land use[edit]

Arable land: 0%.
Permanent crops: 0%.
Permanent pastures: 0%.
Forests and woodland: 0%.
Other: 10% (1996 est.).
Irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.).
Natural hazards: high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding.
Environment - current issues: NA.
Geography - note: mostly an unsettled wilderness.