Geography of Liberia

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A map of Liberia.
Location of Liberia
Liberia map of Köppen climate classification.

Liberia is a Sub-Saharan nation in West Africa located at 6 °N, 9 °W. It borders the north Atlantic Ocean to the southwest (580 kilometres (360 mi) of coastline) and three other African nations on the other three sides.

In total, Liberia comprises 110,000 square kilometres (43,000 sq mi) of which 96,300 square kilometres (37,190 sq mi) is land and 15,000 square kilometres (5,810 sq mi) is water.

Borders and maritime claims[edit]

The total length of Liberia's land borders is 1,587 kilometres (986 mi): 310 kilometres (190 mi) with Sierra Leone on the northwest, 560 kilometres (350 mi) with Guinea to the north, and 716 kilometres (445 mi) with Ivory Coast. Liberia currently claims a territorial sea of 200 nmi (370 km; 230 mi).


A topographic map of Liberia

Liberia has a mostly hilly terrain, from rolling plains along the coast to a rolling plateau and low mountains in the northeast.

Elevation extremes[edit]

The lowest point on Liberia is at sea level on the Atlantic Ocean. The highest point on Liberia is 1380 m above sea level at Mount Wuteve.

Natural resources[edit]

Natural resources that are found in Liberia include iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold and hydropower.

Land use and agriculture[edit]

arable land: 4.04%
permanent crops: 1.62%
other: 94.34% (2011)

Irrigated land[edit]

21 square kilometres of Liberia's land was irrigated as of 2003.

Natural hazards[edit]

The natural hazard that occurs in Liberia is a dust-laden harmattan wind that blows from the Sahara (December to March).

Environmental issues[edit]

A Liberian tropical forest.

Environmental issues in Liberia include the deforestation of tropical rainforest, the hunting of endangered species for bushmeat, the pollution of rivers and coastal waters from industrial run-off and raw sewage, and the burning and dumping of household waste.

Environment - international agreements[edit]

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation

Extreme points[edit]

This is a list of the extreme points of Liberia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]