Geography of Malta

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Satellite image of Malta
Map of Malta 2.png
Map of Malta

The geography of Malta is dominated by water. Malta is an archipelago of coralline limestone, located in the Mediterranean Sea, approximately 93 kilometres south of Sicily, Italy, and nearly 300 km north (Libya) and northeast (Tunisia) of Africa. Although Malta is situated in Europe, it is located farther south than African Tunis, capital of Tunisia, Algiers, capital of Algeria, Tangier in Morocco and also Aleppo in Syria, and Mosul in Iraq in the Middle East. Only the three largest islands – Malta, Gozo and Comino – are inhabited. Other (uninhabited) islands are: Cominotto, Filfla and the St.Paul's Islands. The country is approximately 316 km2 (122 sq mi) in area. Numerous bays along the indented coastline of the islands provide good harbours. The landscape of the islands is characterised by high hills with terraced fields. The highest point, at 253 metres, is the Ta' Zuta on mainland Malta. The capital is Valletta.

Geographic coordinates: 35°50′N 14°35′E / 35.833°N 14.583°E / 35.833; 14.583


Map references: Europe

total: 316 km2
land: 316 km2
water: 0 km2

Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 196.8 km (excludes the 56 km for the island of Gozo)

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
contiguous zone: 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi)
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nmi (46.3 km; 28.8 mi) malta



See also: Climate of Malta

Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

Elevation extremes[edit]

lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ta' Dmejrek 253 m

Land use[edit]

arable land: 28.12%
permanent crops: 4.06%
other: 67.81% (2011)

Irrigated land[edit]

32 km2 (2007)

Total renewable water resources[edit]

A fresh-water spring, Għajn Bierda, at Ras ir-Raħeb

0.05 km3 (2011)

Environment - current issues[edit]

limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination

Environment - international agreements[edit]

party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: