Geography of Montserrat

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Nickname: The Emerald Isle of the Caribbean
Montserrat-CIA WFB Map.png
Map of Montserrat
Location Caribbean Sea
Coordinates 16°45′N 62°12′W / 16.750°N 62.200°W / 16.750; -62.200
Archipelago Leeward Islands
Area 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Coastline 40 km (25 mi)
Highest elevation 914.2 m (2,999.3 ft)
Highest point Chances Peak (in the Soufrière Hills)
United Kingdom
British Overseas Territory Montserrat
Largest settlement Brades (pop. 1,000)
Population 4,488
Density 44.88 /km2 (116.24 /sq mi)


Tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation.


Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates: 16°45′N 62°12′W / 16.750°N 62.200°W / 16.750; -62.200

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

total: 102 km²
land: 102 km²
water: 0 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 40 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 3 nmi (5.556 km; 3.452 mi)
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)

Terrain: volcanic islands, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Chances Peak (in the Soufrière Hills) 915 m

Natural resources: NEGL

Land use:
arable land: 20%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 80% (2011)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Natural hazards: severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions (full-scale eruptions of the Soufriere Hills volcano occurred during 1996-97) destroyed most of the capital, Plymouth, and resulted in approximately half of the island becoming uninhabitable

Environment - current issues: Land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation.

See also : Montserrat