Geography of the Arab League

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Geography of the Arab League
Arab League with Observers.svg
Continent Asia and Africa
Area Ranked 2nd
 • Total 13,333,296 km2 (5,148,014 sq mi)
Highest point Jbel Toubkal
4,165 m[1]
Lowest point Lac Assal
−155 m[2]
Longest river Nile
6,853 km

The Arab League is a regional organization of Arab states in Western Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean. It covers a combined area of 13 million km². The League extends from Morocco in the west, southward to the Comoros, eastward to Somalia, and northward to Iraq.

Geography of each state[edit]

The Arab League has 22 member states. See the geography of each state:


The Arab League has a high population density, with an estimated 350 million inhabitants. Geographical terrains in the area can be divided into three: the large arid desert covering most of it, the fertile south and north, and finally the high mountains of the Atlas, Ahaggar, Zagros and the Anti-Lebanon mountains, along with the Hijaz Mountain range.

The Arab League can also be divided into two main geographical regions: an Asian part, which has 12 states, and a larger African part, which has 10 states. Adjacent to the League are 14 land neighbors and 4 sea neighbors.

Culturally, the Arab states can be divided into 6 regions:

  • The Maghreb, which includes Morocco, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya.
  • The Mashriq, which includes Lebanon, Syria, Palestine and Jordan.
  • The Nile Valley, which includes the Fertile lands of Egypt and Sudan.
  • The Persian Gulf, which includes the oil rich states of Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq.
  • The Bab-el-Mandeb, which includes Yemen, Somalia and Djibouti.
  • The Indian Ocean, which includes the Comoros.

Geographically, the Arab League member states are further subdivided into four regions:

  • Western Asia
    • Bahrain
    • Iraq
    • Jordan
    • Kuwait
    • Lebanon
    • Oman
    • Palestine
    • Qatar
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Syria
    • UAE
    • Yemen
  • North Africa
    • Algeria
    • Egypt
    • Libya
    • Mauritania
    • Morocco
    • Sudan
    • Tunisia


Aerial View of the Arab world

Most of the Arab League falls in the driest region of the world. Almost 80% of the Arab world is covered in desert, stretching from Mauritania and Morocco to Oman and the UAE. The second most common terrain is the semi-arid terrain, which found in all Arab countries except Lebanon and Comoros.

Several deserts span the Arab League:

The highest point in the Arab League is in Morocco called Jbel Toubkal, standing 4,165m tall, making it the 40th highest place on earth, and 6th in Africa,[1] next comes Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb (at 3,666 m)[1] in Yemen and Cheekha Dar (at 3,611 m)[3] in Iraq.

The lowest point in the Arab League is the Dead sea in Jordan. At 1,312 feet (400 meters) below sea level it is also the lowest point on Earth.[4]


The hottest temperature recorded in the Arab League took place in Sudan on June 25, 2010, reaching 49.6°C (121.3°F) in Dongola, breaking a record set in 1987.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Africa Ultra-Prominences" Retrieved 2012-01-14.
  2. ^ Warren, John K. (23 February 2006). Evaporites: sediments, resources and hydrocarbons. Birkhäuser. p. 280. ISBN 978-3-540-26011-0. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  3. ^ "Cheekha Dar, Iraq/Iran" Retrieved 2012-09-06.
  4. ^ About: What is the lowest point in the world?
  5. ^ Masters, Jeff. "NOAA: June 2010 the globe's 4th consecutive warmest month on record". Dr. Jeff Masters' WunderBlog. Weather Underground.