Geography of the Federated States of Micronesia
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The country consists of 607 islands extending 1,800 miles (2,900 km) across the Caroline Islands Archipelago. They are east of the Philippine Islands, and north of the island of New Guinea. The federal capital is Palikir, on Pohnpei island.
The 607 islands are grouped into four states, and east to west are:
- Yap State
- Chuuk State — before 1990 named Truk.
- Pohnpei State — before 1985 named Ponape.
- Kosrae State
Separated from the main islands in southern Pohnpei State are the two islands of Nukuoro and Kapingamarangi. They are geographically part of the Micronesia region, but are linguistically and culturally part of the Polynesia region. The indigenous languages spoken on these two islands are in the Samoic family of Polynesian languages.
- Land area — 702 square kilometres (271 sq mi)
- Water area (freshwater) — 0 square kilometres (0 sq mi)
- Total area — 702 square kilometres (271 sq mi)
The country's total area is four times the size of Washington, D.C. in the U.S.
Coastline: The combined coastlines of the country's 607 islands equal 6,112 kilometres (3,798 mi).
- Territorial sea — 12 nm
- Exclusive economic zone — 200 nm (370 km)
- Lowest point — shoreline mean sea level of the Pacific Ocean — 0 metres (0 ft)
- Highest point — Totolom, a volcanic peak on Pohnpei island — 791 metres (2,595 ft) above mean sea level.
The extreme points of the Federated States of Micronesia, the landforms that are farther north, south, east or west — than any other location in the country.
- Northernmost point — Mogmog islet, Ulithi Atoll, Yap State.
- Easternmost point — unnamed headland on Kosrae island, Kosrae State.
- Southernmost point — Kapingamarangi atoll, Pohnpei State.
- Westernmost point — Ngulu Atoll, Yap State.
- Party to — Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection.
- Signed, but not ratified — none of the selected agreements
- Arable land — 2.86%
- Permanent crops — 24.29%
- Other — 72.86%
- Irrigated land — NA km²
The Federated States of Micronesia enjoys a tropical climate, with quite even, warm temperatures throughout the year.
Precipitation is generally plentiful, with heavy year-round rainfall. Pohnpei reputedly is one of the wettest places on earth, with up to 330 inches (8.4 m) of rain per year. Nevertheless, drought conditions do occur periodically throughout FSM, especially when the El Niño condition moves into the Western Pacific, when groundwater supplies can dwindle to emergency proportions.
Tropical typhoons are an annual threat, from June to December. The country is located on southern edge of the typhoon belt, with occasionally severe damage, particularly to the low-lying atolls.
- Micronesia — sub-region of Oceania.
- Melanesia — sub-region to the south.
- Polynesia — sub-region to the east.
- Geography of Oceania
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