Georg Baresch

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Georg Baresch Jiří Bareš (1585–1662) was Czech antique collector and alchemist from Prague known for his connection to the Voynich manuscript.


Baresch received his baccalaureate in 1602. He studied at the Jesuit College of Clementinum.[1]

Connection with the Voynich Manuscript[edit]

Georg Baresch an obscure alchemist who lived in Prague in the early 17th century, was the earliest confirmed owner of the Voynich manuscript. Baresch was apparently just as puzzled as modern cryptologists about this "Sphinx" that had been in his library for many years. On learning that Athanasius Kircher, a Jesuit scholar from the Collegio Romano, had published a Coptic dictionary and "deciphered" Egyptian hieroglyphs, he sent a sample copy of the script to Kircher in Rome, asking for clues. His 1639 letter to Kircher, recently located by Rene Zandbergen, is the earliest known mention of the manuscript.[2]

In 1637 Baresch wrote his first letter to Kircher, and from his later reference to it we may conclude that he was familiar with Kircher's Prodromus Coptus, which appeared in 1636. He sent this letter via the famous Prague mathematician Theodorus Moretus S.J. This letter (which should have been accompanied by some transcriptions of the Voynich MS) is lost. After no reply was forthcoming from Kircher, he sent a second letter in 1639. This letter has been preserved, though another batch of transcription material of the Voynich MS, which he sent to Kircher with this letter, is also lost.

From his 1639 letter it appears that he already owned the Voynich MS for some time when he wrote his first letter. He also presents Kircher with his view that the Voynich MS represents 'Egyptian science' and shows that he may have been familiar with botany. This letter was sent from Prague, but due to the absence of Baresch's name in the tax rolls called 'Berní Rula' (31), we know that he did not own a house in Prague.[3]

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