Georg Dionysius Ehret

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Mezzotint plate depicting Georg Dionysius Ehret

Georg Dionysius Ehret (30 January 1708 – 9 September 1770) was a botanist and entomologist known for his botanical illustrations.[1]

Ehret was born in Germany to Ferdinand Christian Ehret, a gardener and competent draughtsman, and Anna Maria Ehret.[2] Beginning his working life as a gardener's apprentice near Heidelberg, he became one of the most influential European botanical artists of all time. His first illustrations were in collaboration with Carl Linnaeus and George Clifford in 1735-1736. Clifford, a wealthy Dutch banker and governor of the Dutch East India Company was a keen botanist with a large herbarium. He had the income to attract the talents of botanists such as Linnaeus and artists like Ehret. Together at the Clifford estate, Hartecamp, which is located south of Haarlem in Heemstede near Bennebroek, they produced Hortus Cliffortianus in 1738, a masterpiece of early botanical literature.

Brassica capitata
by Georg Dionysius Ehret

As a result of exploitation by Johann Wilhelm Weinmann, Ehret finished only 500 plates of a 1,000 plate commission and moved to England,[3] where he was promoted by Sir Hans Sloane, Dr Mead and the bluestocking Duchess of Portland. “While he did not slavishly imitate what he saw, neither did he allow his feeling for the color and design of flowers distract him from the fundamentals of plant structure," Wilfrid Blunt observed in The Art of Botanical Illustration. Ehret was in great demand. Engravings after his botanical paintings illustrated Mark Catesby's works on the flora of the American colonies. Engravings from his series Plantae et Papiliones Rariores, 1748-59, found their way onto Chelsea porcelain[4] For Philip Miller he illustrated many of the more spectacular plants that were in cultivation in the Chelsea Physic Garden. Ehret was at the top of his profession in 1768 when the young botanist Joseph Banks returned from Labrador and Newfoundland with the botanical specimens that made his early reputation; it was to Ehret he turned for meticulous paintings on vellum.[5]

Ehret's original art work may be found at the Natural History Museum in London, the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, The Royal Society, London, the Lindley Library at the Royal Horticultural Society, the Victoria and Albert Museum, at the University Library of Erlangen, the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden, and the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

The genus Ehretia was named in his honour.

Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Ray Desmond, English and Irish Botanists and Horticulturists, 1994, s.v. "Ehret, Georg Dionysius".
  2. ^ MBG Rare Books: Author - Ehret, Georg Dionysus
  3. ^ Plants and Gardens Portrayed: Rare and Illustrated Books from The LuEsther T
  4. ^ The Gardens Trust, "The other Chelsea flower show"
  5. ^ Patrick O'Brian, Joseph Banks, A Life, 1987 p.60.
  6. ^ IPNI.  Ehret.

A memoir of Georg Dionysius Ehret, written by himself Proceedings of the Linnean Society, London, November 1984 to June 1985.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • de Bray, Lys (2001). "Georg Dionysius Ehret — 1708-70." In: The Art of Botanical Illustration: A history of classic illustrators and their achievements, pp. 107–119. Quantum Publishing Ltd., London. ISBN 1-86160-425-4.