His father, August Ferdinand Pauli (1815-1904), was an apothecary and manufacturer. The family was descended from Lieutenant General Wilhelm Pauli (1730-1800). The original Pauli came from Italy under the sponsorship of Emperor Rudolf II, during the early part of the Thirty Years' War and later went to Sweden, where he was accepted into the nobility in 1625.
He originally studied at the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts during the 1870s and 1880s, then made several study trips abroad, primarily to Paris and Italy. He later became a teacher at the Valand Academy in Gothenburg.
He spent much of his time creating decorative paintings; including frescoes in the "Ostindiska huset" (East India House, which is now home to the Göteborgs stadsmuseum), the "Södermalms läroverk" (which is now Södra Latin, a highly selective secondary school), and at the Östra Real, another secondary school. At the Per Brahegymnasiet, in his hometown, he created murals in the Cubist style that were very controversial. Similar works may be found at the Stockholm City Hall and the Royal Dramatic Theatre, which features a dining area with his works called the "Restaurang Pauli". He also created some minor murals at the headquarters of the Handelsbanken and at Waldemarsudde (now a museum) for Prince Eugen.
He was a member of the Opponenterna, a group of artists who were opposed to the teaching methods at the Royal Academy. In addition to painting, he wrote numerous historical/biographical works, including Ernst Josephson (1903 and 1914), Konstnärslif och om konst (1913), I Paris, nya konstens källa (1915), Väggmåleri (1920) and Prins Eugen (1925). He also wrote a memoir about his fellow artists in the opposition, I vår ungdom (1925) and stories of his travels, En målares resa (1922). From 1917 to 1921, he published an art journal called Flamman (often confused with a socialist newspaper of the same name).
Lady in a Landau
- Böhn-Jullander, Ingrid: Georg Pauli : konstnär, författare, debattör, Arena (1994) ISBN 91-7843-072-0
- Cher monsieur - Fatala qvinna : en utställning om konstnärsvännerna Hanna och Georg Pauli samt Venny Soldan-Brofeldt (exhibition catalog), 30 March-18 October 2009, Jewish Museum of Sweden. ISBN 91-974363-9-9
- Konstnärsparet Hanna och Georg Pauli, Carlsson (1997) ISBN 91-7203-241-3
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