Georg Theodor Chiewitz
|Georg Theodor Chiewitz|
5 October 1815|
|Died||28 December 1862
|Buildings||Central Pori Church
Pori city plan
Mariehamn city plan
Georg Theodor Policron Chiewitz (5 October 1815 – 28 December 1862) was a Swedish architect and engineer. Due to economical problems he moved to Finland in 1851, where Chiewitz made his most remarkable career.
Chiewitz graduated from the Royal Institute of Technology in 1829 and later from the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts. 1837–1838 he worked as an assistant for inventor John Ericsson in London and 1839 for architect César Daly in Paris. In 1840 Chiewitz returned Stockholm having businesses on railroad and bridge construction. 1851 he went bankrupt and moved to Finland. 1852–1860 Chiewitz was the regional architect of Turku and Pori Province and 1860–1862 the city architect of Turku.
Chiewitz was the favourite architect of King Oscar I of Sweden. He designed several structures for Haga Park and the gardens of Ulriksdal Palace in Solna and Tullgarn Palace in Södertälje. Most important works are the Blackamoor Bridge in Ulriksdal Palace and Oscar I's Orangery in the garden of Tullgarn Palace.
His best known works in Finland are the Central Pori Church, House of Nobility (Ritarihuone) and the Swedish Theatre of Helsinki. Chiewitz was also known of his city planning. His most significant work is the Pori city plan as the town was rebuilt after the great fire of 1852. The town of Mariehamn in Åland Islands was established in 1861 by Chiewitz's planning.
- Blackamoor Bridge, Solna (1845)
- Folckerska huset, Stockholm (1848)
- Jernbron, Uppsala (1848)
- Old Djurgårdsbron, Stockholm (1849)
- Oscar I's Orangery, Södertälje (1854)
- Pori city plan (1852)
- Mariehamn city plan (1855)
- Uusikaupunki city plan (1856)
- Park of the St. Henry's Chapel, Kokemäki (1857)
- Central Pori Church (1859–1863)
- Swedish Theatre, Helsinki (1860)
- Ritarihuone, Helsinki (1862)
- Loviisa Church, Loviisa (1862–1865)
- Svenska Arkitektregistret (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- Finnish National Biography Center (in Finnish). Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- Nordisk familjebok (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 September 2013.
Media related to Georg Theodor von Chiewitz at Wikimedia Commons