George A.H. Blake

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George Alexander Hamilton Blake
George A.H. Blake.jpg
George A.H. Blake
Born(1810-08-31)August 31, 1810
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
DiedOctober 27, 1884(1884-10-27) (aged 74)
Washington, D.C.
Buried
AllegianceUnited States
Union
Service/branchUnited States Army
Union Army
Years of service1836-1870
RankUnion Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel, USA
Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Brevet Major General, USA
Unit2nd U.S. Dragoons
1st U.S. Dragoons
Commands held1st U.S. Cavalry
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Reserve
Battles/warsSecond Seminole War

Mexican–American War

American Indian Wars
American Civil War

RelationsGeorge E. Blake (father)
George A. Blake (son)

George Alexander Hamilton Blake (August 31, 1810 – October 27, 1884) was a cavalry officer in the United States Army during the American Indian Wars, the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War.

Early Life and career[edit]

George Blake was born on August 31, 1810, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as child of English-American musician George E. Blake and Anna Margaretta Henesiem Blake. When the 2nd U.S. Regiment of Dragoons was raised in 1836, Blake received a civilian appointment and was commissioned into the army with the rank of First Lieutenant. Stationed in Florida he took part in the Second Seminole War, including the action at Fort Mellon and the Battle of Jupiter Inlet. Blake was promoted to Captain in 1839 and continued his service in Florida till 1841 when his command was transferred to Texas.[1]

Mexican–American War and Ante-Bellum[edit]

In 1846 Blakes' regiment, originally commanded by David E. Twiggs, participated in the Battle for Mexico City under command of Edwin Vose Sumner. Grouped into the Brigade of Dragoons under Col. William S. Harney the regiment and Captain Blake participated i.A. in the battles of Cerro Gordo, Puebla Contreras, Molino del Rey, Chapultepec and the Battle for Mexico City. At war's end Blake, highly commented by his superiors, received a brevet promotion to Major for gallant and meritorious conduct in the affair at St. Augustine, Mexico, August 17, 1847.

Transferred to the 1st U.S. Dragoons he was promoted to full Major on July 23, 1850. Assigned to the Western Frontier, he and a mixed command of cavalry and infantry established Fort Massachusetts in the New Mexico Territory, which became the first permanent U.S. post in the state of Colorado. By 1854, he commanded Fort Burgwin and was involved in actions against Jicarilla Apaches in the region in a scouting company including explorer Kit Carson.[2] Blake had a reputation as a harsh disciplinarian, culminating in being assaulted by several of his men on March 8, 1855. Aaron Dwight Stevens and 3 other men were sentenced to death by a court martial (the sentence was commuted by the President, though). In 1857 Blake commanded the detachment of dragoons that accompanied Lieutenant Edward Fitzgerald Beale and the United States Camel Corps on their Arizona Expedition.

American Civil War[edit]

On May 3, 1861 Blake was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and led an expedition to the west coast. Recalled to the east early in the next year he was promoted to Colonel of his regiment on February 13, 1862. His regiment became part of the cavalry reserve of the Army of the Potomac. In March Blake was assigned to command the 2nd Cavalry Brigade by order of Maj.Gen. George B. McClellan and led it during the Peninsula Campaign. He was wounded on June 27 during the Battle of Gaines's Mill. When Maj.Gen. Alfred Pleasonton, an old comrade with whom Blake served in 2nd Dragoons and in Mexico, took over command of the cavalry in 1863 he took Blake into his staff as his Chief Mustering Officer. After the Gettysburg Campaign, in which Blake fought with his regiment, he was transferred to the Cavalry Bureau and served in administrative positions, as depot commander and on special duty for the rest of the war. He was brevetted Brigadier General in the Regular Army on March 13, 1863 for "gallant and efficient services during the Gettysburg Campaign"; and also brevetted Major General in the Regular Army for "meritorious services during the war" on the same day, though the second brevet was not confirmed until 1869.

Later life[edit]

After the war ended Blake stayed in the army and continued to command the 1st Cavalry and Fort Vancouver in the Oregon Territory (now Washington) until his retirement on December 15, 1870. He took up residence in Washington, D.C. until his death in 1884. He was buried on Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henry, Guy V. (1873). Military record of civilian appointments in the United States Army. Vol. 1. New York: Carleton. pp. 138–139.
  2. ^ Sabin, Edwin L. Kit Carson Days: 1809-1868. Chicago: A.C. McClurg, 1919. 379-82.

External links[edit]