George A. McCall
|George Archibald McCall|
George A. McCall
March 16, 1802|
|Died||February 25, 1868
West Chester, Pennsylvania
|Place of burial||Christ Church Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
|Years of service||1822–1853; 1861–1863|
|Commands held||Pennsylvania Reserves|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
George Archibald McCall (March 16, 1802 – February 25, 1868) was a United States Army officer who became a brigadier general and prisoner of war during the American Civil War. He was also a naturalist.
McCall was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Archibald McCall (1767-1843), a descendant of the Schuyler family and the Van Cortlandt family through his ancestors Stephanus Van Cortlandt and Gertrude Schuyler, and Elizabeth Cadwalader.
He was appointed from Pennsylvania to the United States Military Academy at West Point, graduating in 1822, 26th in his class of 40. His service took him to Florida, especially the Pensacola area. He enjoyed his time in Pensacola, writing frequently of his life there as a 2nd Lieutenant. He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant after seven years and, in 1846, to the rank of Captain. He was assigned to the 1st U.S. Infantry then the 4th U.S. Infantry before serving as aide-de-camp to Gen. Edmund P. Gaines into the beginning of the Second Seminole War. He distinguished himself during the Mexican-American War under Zachary Taylor, receiving brevet promotions to major for gallantry at Palo Alto and to lieutenant colonel for Resaca de la Palma. Appreciative leading Philadelphians presented him a sword upon his return to the city in 1847. On August 30, 1851, at the age of 49, he was married to Elizabeth McMurtrie. The marriage was a happy one, and at least two sons and one daughter were born to the couple. He retired with 31 years service as Colonel and Inspector General of the Army in 1853.
At the beginning of the Civil War, McCall helped organize Pennsylvania volunteers as major general of the state militia and was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers in May 1861. He helped organize and led the famous Pennsylvania Reserves Division, which served as the 2nd Division, I Corps, Army of the Potomac, and 3rd Division, V Corps. He was one of the oldest West Point graduates to serve in the war.
McCall served in the Peninsula Campaign and was wounded and captured at Frayser's Farm, Virginia, in June 1862. While trying to ascertain his position without his staff officers, he instead met the 47th Virginia, part of General James Longstreet's command. Longstreet had served as a brevet Second Lieutenant under Mccall in the 4th U.S. Infantry. He was imprisoned in Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia. Previous illness was aggravated by his confinement in prison, and after his exchange (for Simon Bolivar Buckner) in August, McCall resigned due to poor health in March 1863.
In retirement, McCall farmed in Pennsylvania. He died at his "Belair" estate in West Chester, Pennsylvania, and is buried in Christ Church Cemetery in his native Philadelphia.
|Cadwalader family tree|
- Keen, Gregory Bernard. The Descendants of Jöran Kyn of New Sweden. Delaware, 1913. Pages 200-205. https://books.google.com/books?id=L4A_AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA200&lpg=PA200&dq=gage+kemble+descendants&source=bl&ots=PeS7YhdRzg&sig=xuGjGNAtQZ4Onxd7VMzfI3IzsDc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BbkQVbS2NcWpgwTrpIP4Bw&ved=0CD4Q6AEwBTgK#v=onepage&q=gage%20kemble%20descendants&f=false. Accessed March 23, 2015.
- McCall, George. Letters from the Frontiers. Pages xii-xiii. http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100326/00001/12j
- McCall, George. Letters from the Frontiers. http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100326/00001/18j
- Bates, Samuel P. (1876). "6". Martial Deeds of Pennsylvania Reserves. Philadelphia: T. H. Davis & Co. pp. 624–627.
- Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox: Memoirs of the Civil War in America, (Philadelphia:J. B. Lippincott, 1896), p. 139
- "George A. McCall". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-12-29.
- Boatner, Mark M. III, The Civil War Dictionary: Revised Edition, David McKay Company, Inc., 1984.
- Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- McCall, George Archibald, "Letters from the Frontiers", Applewood Books, Bedford Mass, www.awb.com, 1868, 538 p.,
- Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders, Louisiana State University Press, 1964, ISBN 0-8071-0822-7.