George A. White

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George A. White
George A. White.jpg
Major General George A. White
Born (1880-07-18)18 July 1880
Long Branch Township, Saline County, Illinois
Died 23 November 1941(1941-11-23) (aged 61)
Clackamas, Oregon
Allegiance United States United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1895–1941
Rank Major General
Commands held 41st Infantry Division
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
Mexican Expedition
World War I
World War II
Awards Légion d'honneur
Ordre de l'Etoile noire (France)

Major General George A. White (18 July 1880 – 23 November 1941) was an American author, journalist and Major General in the first half of the 20th century. He was one of the founders of the American Legion and commanded the 41st Infantry Division in World War II until his death in 1941.

He wrote short stories for pulp magazines such as Adventure.

Early life and education[edit]

George Ared White was born on 18 July 1880 in Long Branch Township, Saline County, Illinois.[1]

On 1 August 1895 White enlisted in the Utah National Guard as a musician. He was discharged in June 1898 in order to enlist in the Utah Artillery for the Spanish–American War. He remained in Federal service until he was discharged in December 1898.[1]

White re-enlisted in the Utah national Guard in 1899 was promoted to sergeant and later First Sergeant before being discharged in 1903. He moved to Oregon, where he enlisted in the 3rd Infantry, Oregon National Guard on 4 August 1907. The next day he was commissioned as a First Lieutenant. He was promoted to Captain on 21 March 1911.[1]

World War I[edit]

White was appointed Adjutant General of Oregon on 1 February 1915. When the Oregon National Guard was Federalized for the Mexican Expedition, White obtained a leave of absence in order to command a troop of Oregon cavalry. After service on the Mexican border from June 1916 to February 1917, he resumed his post in Oregon.[1]

On 23 March 1917, the Oregon National Guard was mobilized. As Adjutant General, White was involved in recruiting efforts to bring National Guard units up to strength, and he directed the establishment of state machinery for conscription.[1]

White re-entered Federal service on 10 September 1917 with the rank of major and was given the post of Assistant Adjutant General of the 41st Division, a new division being organized from National Guard units from Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming.[1]

He served overseas on the Western Front from January 1918 to June 1919. Initially he was with the 41st Division but it was designated as a replacement division and he was posted to General Headquarters American Expeditionary Force. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on 13 November 1918. For his services, he was awarded the Ordre de l'Etoile noire.[1]

Interwar years[edit]

White was one of twenty officers at the Allied Officers' Club, Rue Faubourg St. Honore, on 16 February 1919 who were credited with the founding of the American Legion.[2] He subsequently became its first national vice commander. He founded the American Legion magazine and was its first editor. For his services to the American Legion, and for promoting the friendship between the United States and France, he was awarded the Legion d'Honneur on 9 July 1934.[1]

White was separated from Federal service on 23 July 1919 resumed his duties as Adjutant General of Oregon on 15 April 1920. His first task was the reconstruction of the Oregon national Guard, in which he was promoted to Colonel on 23 June 1920. On 23 July 1923, he assumed command of the 82nd Infantry Brigade, a brigade composed of Oregon troops, and was promoted to brigadier general.[1]

White attended the Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth from 1925 to 1926 and took part in training seminars organized by the U.S. Army War College in 1928. On 3 January 1930 he was promoted to Major General and appointed to command the 41st Division.[1]

He wrote short stories for pulp magazines such as Adventure.[3][4]

World War II[edit]

The 41st Division's annual summer camp at Fort Lewis in June and July 1940 was extended from two weeks to three,[5] and on 16 September 1940 with President Franklin D. Roosevelt's signing of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, the 41st Division was inducted into Federal service for one year.[6] Selective service men began to arrive in February 1941.[7]

In May 1941, 41st Division moved to the Hunter Liggett Military Reservation where June war games pitted it against Major General Joseph Stilwell's 7th Division and the 40th Division. Large scale maneuvers continued in August on the Olympic Peninsula.[8]

General White became ill during the maneuvers at Hunter Liggett. He died at his home in Clackamas, Oregon on 23 November 1941. His legacy included one of the National Guard's best-trained divisions. In his honor, Camp White was named after him in 1942.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k McCartney 1948, pp. 14–15, 192
  2. ^ "The Story of The American Legion". Project Gutenberg. Archived from the original on 22 August 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Contento, William G. (ed.). "Stories, Listed by Author". The FictionMags Index. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "White, Ared". Science Fiction Encyclopedia. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  5. ^ McCartney 1948, p. 1
  6. ^ McCartney 1948, p. 3
  7. ^ McCartney 1948, p. 5
  8. ^ McCartney 1948, pp. 9–11

References[edit]