George Albert, Prince of East Frisia
|Georg Albrecht, Prince of East Frisia|
Prince George Albert of East Frisia (Johann Conrad Eichler, 1718)
|Spouse(s)||Countess Christine Louise of Nassau-Idstein
Sophie Caroline of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
|Father||Christian Everhard, Prince of East Frisia|
|Mother||Eberhadine Sophie of Oettingen-Oettingen|
|Born||13 June 1690|
|Died||12 June 1743(aged 52)|
He was the second son of Prince Christian Eberhard. On 24 September 1709, he married in Idstein his first wife, Countess Christine Louise of Nassau-Idstein (31 March 1691 – 13 April 1723). They had five children:
- George Christian (13 October 1710 – 28 April 1711).
- Henriette Charlotte (23 October 1711 – 29 October 1711).
- Charles Christian (4 January 1715 – 14 Jan 1715).
- Charles Edzard (18 June 1716 – 25 May 1744).
- Henriette Auguste Wilhelmine (22 April 1718 – 21 April 1719).
East Frisia was hit hard by the Christmas flood of 1717: 2,752 people drowned and large tracts of land were devastated.
Christiane Louise died on 13 April 1723; on 8 December of that year, in Berum, George Albert married his second wife, Sophie Caroline, a daughter of Margrave Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach. She received from George Albert the manor Fürstinnen-Grashaus in the polder Carolinengroden as a present. She drew revenues from it until her death in 1764.
During George Albert's rule the old conflict between the Prince and a part of the Estates escalated into the so-called Appeal War of 1726-1727. The Estates were in divided into a obedient and a renitent faction; the former sided with the Prince; the latter raised troops to fight him. George Albert emerged victorious from this conflict. Even the city of Emden, which had led the renitent faction, submitted to him. However, due to the poor negotiating skills of George Albert's Chancellor Enno Rudolph Brenneysen, no peace could be agreed between the warring factions. The Chancellor and the Prince demanded that the rebels be punished harshly, but in 1732, they were pardoned by the Emperor.
When Prince George Albert died on 11 June 1734, his son Charles Edzard, took office at the age of 18. Charles Edzard was the George Albert's last surviving descendant. He could not resolve the conflicts with the Estates, either.
In 1715, George Albert issued the world's first Stallion Inspection Regulation.
In an attempt to keep alcoholism under control, George Albert forbade ball shooting matches on 9 February 1731. He sharply condemned the "disorders, excessive drinking, eating, solding, swearing, cursing and severe beatings" that often occurred at ball shooting matches. This, too, stressed the relationship between the prince and his subjects.
|Ancestors of George Albert, Prince of East Frisia|
- OSTFRIESLAND in: AN ONLINE GOTHA by Paul Theroff [retrieved 17 August 2016].
- A siel is a kind of lock with a single set of doors; it was used to maintain a constant water level in the dock, allowing the water of the river Harle to flow out into the North Sea at low tide, without letting the North Sea water into the polder at high tide.
References and sources
- Martin Jhering: Hofleben in Ostfriesland. Die Fürstenresidenz Aurich im Jahre 1728, Hannover, 2005
- Marek, Miroslav. "Entry for George Albert at genealogy.euweb.cz". Genealogy EU.[self-published source][better source needed]
George Albert, Prince of East FrisiaBorn: 13 June 1690 Died: 12 June 1734
|Prince of East Frisia