George Albert, Prince of East Frisia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Georg Albrecht, Prince of East Frisia
Georg Albrecht Cirksena, by Johann Conrad Eichler (1680-1748).jpg
Prince George Albert of East Frisia (Johann Conrad Eichler, 1718)
Spouse(s) Countess Christine Louise of Nassau-Idstein
Sophie Caroline of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Noble family Cirksena
Father Christian Everhard, Prince of East Frisia
Mother Eberhadine Sophie of Oettingen-Oettingen
Born (1690-06-13)13 June 1690
Died 12 June 1743(1743-06-12) (aged 52)

George Albert (13 June 1690 – 12 June 1734) was a member of the family of the Cirksena and was the fourth Prince of East Frisia. He ruled from 1708 to 1734.

Life[edit]

He was the second son of Prince Christian Eberhard. On 24 September 1709, he married in Idstein his first wife, Countess Christine Louise of Nassau-Idstein (31 March 1691 – 13 April 1723). They had five children:[1]

  • George Christian (13 October 1710 – 28 April 1711).
  • Henriette Charlotte (23 October 1711 – 29 October 1711).
  • Charles Christian (4 January 1715 – 14 Jan 1715).
  • Charles Edzard (18 June 1716 – 25 May 1744).
  • Henriette Auguste Wilhelmine (22 April 1718 – 21 April 1719).

East Frisia was hit hard by the Christmas flood of 1717: 2,752 people drowned and large tracts of land were devastated.

Christiane Louise died on 13 April 1723; on 8 December of that year, in Berum, George Albert married his second wife, Sophie Caroline, a daughter of Margrave Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach. She received from George Albert the manor Fürstinnen-Grashaus in the polder Carolinengroden as a present. She drew revenues from it until her death in 1764.

During George Albert's rule the old conflict between the Prince and a part of the Estates escalated into the so-called Appeal War of 1726-1727. The Estates were in divided into a obedient and a renitent faction; the former sided with the Prince; the latter raised troops to fight him. George Albert emerged victorious from this conflict. Even the city of Emden, which had led the renitent faction, submitted to him. However, due to the poor negotiating skills of George Albert's Chancellor Enno Rudolph Brenneysen, no peace could be agreed between the warring factions. The Chancellor and the Prince demanded that the rebels be punished harshly, but in 1732, they were pardoned by the Emperor.

When Prince George Albert died on 11 June 1734, his son Charles Edzard, took office at the age of 18. Charles Edzard was the George Albert's last surviving descendant. He could not resolve the conflicts with the Estates, either.

Legacy[edit]

In 1715, George Albert issued the world's first Stallion Inspection Regulation.

In 1729-1730 Prince George Albert built a port at Carolinensiel,[2] now a museum harbor. The port was named after his second wife, Sophie Caroline.

In an attempt to keep alcoholism under control, George Albert forbade ball shooting matches on 9 February 1731. He sharply condemned the "disorders, excessive drinking, eating, solding, swearing, cursing and severe beatings" that often occurred at ball shooting matches. This, too, stressed the relationship between the prince and his subjects.

Ancestors[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ OSTFRIESLAND in: AN ONLINE GOTHA by Paul Theroff [retrieved 17 August 2016].
  2. ^ A siel is a kind of lock with a single set of doors; it was used to maintain a constant water level in the dock, allowing the water of the river Harle to flow out into the North Sea at low tide, without letting the North Sea water into the polder at high tide.

References and sources[edit]

George Albert, Prince of East Frisia
Born: 13 June 1690 Died: 12 June 1734
Preceded by
Christian Everhard
Prince of East Frisia
1708–1734
Succeeded by
Charles Edzard