George Arthur Plimpton
- For his grandson, the author and journalist, see George Plimpton.
Life and career
Plimpton was born in Walpole, Massachusetts, the son of Priscilla Guild (Lewis) and Calvin Gay Plimpton. He was the son and grandson of iron manufacturers. He graduated from the Phillips Exeter Academy in 1873 and Amherst College in 1876. He attended Harvard Law School for a year before joining the publishing firm of Ginn, Heath & Co., a publisher of educational textbooks later known as Ginn & Co., which he would eventually head.
Plimpton was an avid collector of historical books and manuscripts, focusing on the history of education. Shortly before his death in 1936, Plimpton donated numerous items to Columbia University's Butler Library, including 317 medieval and Renaissance manuscripts that made Columbia's collection in that area one of the most significant in the country. One of his donations, Plimpton 322, is a Babylonian clay tablet from around 1800 BCE purchased from antiquarian Edgar James Banks. It consists of a table of cuneiform numbers, specifically Pythagorean triples. Described as "one of the world's most famous mathematical artifacts", it may have been a set of solutions for mathematics students. Other donated items included:
- The first printed edition of Euclid's Elements of Geometry from 1482.
- The only known copy of the Treviso Arithmetic, a Venetian math textbook.
- An annotated copy of the works of Homer owned by Philip Melanchthon and inscribed by Martin Luther.
- A copy of Herodotus' Histories owned by Desiderius Erasmus.
Plimpton was married to Francis Taylor Pearsons from 1892 until her death in 1900. Their son was Francis Taylor Pearsons Plimpton, father of author George Plimpton. In 1917 he married Fanny Hastings, a descendant of Thomas Hastings. Their children were Calvin Hastings Plimpton and Emily Plimpton.
- "George Plimpton, Publisher, Is Dead". New York Times. July 2, 1936. p. 21.
- ""Our Tools of Learning" : George Arthur Plimpton's Gifts to Columbia University". Butler Library, Columbia University. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- Columbia University; Beatrice Terrien-Somerville; Columbia University. Interdepartmental Committee on Medieval and Renaissance Studies (1991). Medieval and Renaissance manuscripts at Columbia University: papers presented at a symposium sponsored by the Columbia University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Interdepartmental Committee on Medieval and Renaissance Studies, March 31, 1990. Columbia University Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-231-07648-7. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Pickover, Clifford A. (2009). The Math Book: From Pythagoras to the 57th Dimension, 250 Milestones in the History of Mathematics. Sterling. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-4027-5796-9.