Atzerodt in 1865
|Born||George Andrew Atzerodt|
June 12, 1835
Dörna, Province of Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia, German Confederation
(now Anrode, Germany)
|Died||July 7, 1865 (aged 30)|
Fort McNair, Washington, D.C.
|Occupation||carriage repair business|
|Conviction(s)||Conspiracy to assassinate Andrew Johnson|
|Criminal penalty||Death by hanging|
George Andrew Atzerodt (June 12, 1835 – July 7, 1865) was a conspirator, with John Wilkes Booth, in the assassination of US President Abraham Lincoln. He was assigned to assassinate Vice President Andrew Johnson, but lost his nerve and did not make any attempts. He was executed along with three other conspirators by hanging.
Atzerodt was born in Dörna in the Prussian Province of Saxony, today part of Anrode, Thuringia, Germany. He immigrated to the United States in 1843 at the age of eight. As an adult, he opened his own carriage repair business in Port Tobacco, Maryland. Despite having lived in the United States for most of his life, Atzerodt could not speak English fluently.
In January 1865, some years after opening his failed carriage repair business, Atzerodt was introduced to John Wilkes Booth in Washington, D.C. by John Surratt. Atzerodt was willing to join in Booth's earlier conspiracy to kidnap President Abraham Lincoln, as he later admitted in his trial, which began May 1, 1865.
According to the prosecution, Booth assigned Atzerodt to assassinate Vice President Andrew Johnson on April 14, 1865. On that morning, Atzerodt booked room 126 at the Kirkwood House in Washington, where Johnson was staying. However, he could not muster the courage to kill Johnson so he began drinking at the hotel bar. He presumably got drunk and spent the night walking the streets of Washington.
During his stay at the hotel, Atzerodt had asked the bartender about Johnson's whereabouts. That aroused suspicion the next day after Lincoln was assassinated. An employee of the hotel contacted the police regarding a "suspicious looking man in a gray coat."
The military police then conducted a search of Atzerodt's room on April 15 and found that he had not slept in it the night before. Additionally, he had a loaded revolver concealed under his pillow as well as a concealed Bowie knife. The police also found a bank book belonging to Booth in the room. Atzerodt was arrested on April 20. He was apprehended at the house of his cousin, Hartman Richter, in Germantown, Maryland.
George Atzerdot also tried to sell his revolver to a shopkeeper in replace of money.
Trial and execution
Atzerodt's attorney, Captain William Doster, stated to the court that he intended "to show that George Atzerodt was a constitutional coward; that if he had been assigned the duty of assassinating the Vice President, he could never have done it; and that, from his known cowardice, Booth probably did not assign to him any such duty." However, that was to no avail.
After the conviction Atzerodt offered a confession to Reverend Butler, a minister who came to his cell to offer him comfort. Butler said that Atzerodt admitted going to the meeting in March to help plan the kidnapping of Lincoln while he attended a play at a hospital.
Atzerodt said he first heard about Booth's plan to assassinate the President just two hours before the shooting. Atzerodt said that Booth really wanted David Herold to assassinate Vice President Johnson because he thought that Herold had "more pluck" than Atzerodt did. Atzerodt said Booth wanted him to "back up" Herold and "give him more courage."
Atzerodt and three other convicted conspirators (Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, and David Herold) were hanged in Washington, D.C., on July 7, 1865. Atzerodt's last words were "May we all meet in the other world. God take me now." Atzerodt is interred in Glenwood Cemetery, located at 2219 Lincoln Road NE in Washington, D.C.
Depiction in media
Atzerodt appears in the season 1 episode "The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln" of Timeless, portrayed by Travis MacDonald. In the episode, he makes an attempt to assassinate Johnson, but is stopped by Rufus and other soldiers and arrested by the authorities.
- "Abraham Lincoln's Assassination – George Atzerodt". Abraham Lincoln Research. December 29, 1996. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
- Linder, Douglas. "The Trial of the Lincoln Assassination Conspirators 1865". Law.umkc.edu. Archived from the original on 2002-02-03. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
- Hamner, Christopher. "Booth's Reason for Assassination Archived December 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.." Teachinghistory.org. Accessed 12 July 2011.
- Jim. "Port Tobacco Archaeological Project".
- Griffin, John Chandler (2006). Abraham Lincoln's Execution. Pelican Publishing. p. 186. ISBN 9781455600106. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Ayres, Thomas (2000). That's Not in My American History Book: A Compilation of Little-Known Events and Forgotten Heroes. Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 138. ISBN 9781589795129. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Jampoler, Andrew C. A., The Last Lincoln Conspirator: John Surratt's Flight from the Gallows, Naval Institute Press, 2009. p
- Pitman, Benn ; The assassination of President Lincoln and the trial of the conspirators ... Clark, N.J.: Lawbook Exchange, 2006. ISBN 978-1-58477-600-0 ; p. 144.
- Linder, Douglas. "The Trial of the Lincoln Assassination Conspirators 1865 – George Atzerodt". Law.umkc.edu. Archived from the original on 2011-01-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Atzerodt.|
- Biography and Images of George Atzerodt, Assassination Conspirator. University of Missouri Kansas City School of Law. Accessed December 9, 2004.
- George Atzerodt.
- Dr. Samuel A. Mudd Research Site
- George Atzerodt at Find a Grave