George B. Crittenden
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George Bibb Crittenden
|Born||March 20, 1812|
|Died||November 27, 1880 (aged 68)|
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance|| United States of America|
Republic of Texas
Confederate States of America
|Service/|| United States Army|
Army of the Republic of Texas
Confederate States Army
|Years of service||1832–1833; 1846–1861 (USA)|
1842–1843 (Republic of Texas)
|Rank|| Lieutenant Colonel (USA)|
2nd Lieutenant (Republic of Texas)
Major General (CSA)
|Commands held||2nd Division of the Army of Central Kentucky|
|Battles/wars||Black Hawk War |
|Other work||State Librarian of Kentucky|
George Bibb Crittenden (March 20, 1812 – November 27, 1880) was a career United States Army officer who served in the Black Hawk War, the Army of the Republic of Texas, and the Mexican–American War, and was a general in the Confederate States Army in the American Civil War.
George B. Crittenden was born in Russellville, Kentucky, his father being the U.S. politician John J. Crittenden. His brother, Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, and cousin, Thomas Turpin Crittenden, were both future generals for the Union Army.
West Point education and early military experiences
George B. Crittenden graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1832 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 4th U.S. Infantry. He fought in the Black Hawk War of 1832 and resigned his commission the following year. He attended Transylvania University and became a lawyer. He moved to the Republic of Texas in 1842 and joined the Army of the Republic of Texas. During the Mier Expedition of 1843, he was captured by the Mexican army and exchanged. He rejoined the U.S. Army in 1846 and fought with the Regiment of Mounted Rifles in the Mexican–American War. He was given a brevet promotion to major for gallantry at Contreras and Churubusco in 1847 and a permanent promotion to major in the regular army in 1848. However, on August 19, 1848, he was kicked out from the Army, to be restored in March 1849. He eventually reached the permanent rank of lieutenant colonel in 1856.
American Civil War
Just before the start of the Civil War, Crittenden accepted a commission as colonel, in the Confederate States Army infantry on March 16, 1861, although he would not resign his U.S. Army commission until June 10. He was promoted to brigadier general on August 15, 1861, and served briefly as a brigade commander in the Confederate Army of the Potomac in Virginia. He was promoted to major general on November 9, 1861, and commanded the District of East Tennessee. On January 19, 1862, he and Confederate Brig. Gen. Felix Zollicoffer were defeated by Union Brigadier General George H. Thomas at the Battle of Mill Springs, the first important Confederate defeat in the war, breaking the Southern hold on eastern Kentucky.
He briefly commanded the 2nd Division of the Army of Central Kentucky in 1862, but was relieved on March 31. He was arrested the next day on charges of drunkenness by the order of Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee and restored on April 18. General Braxton Bragg ordered a court of inquiry in July and Crittenden resigned as a general officer, reverting to colonel in October 1862.
- Cutrer, Thomas W. "Crittenden, George Bibb". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- Warner, p. 66.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- Eubank, Damon R. In the Shadow of the Patriarch: The John J. Crittenden Family in War and Peace. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-88146-151-0.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.