George B. Post
|George Browne Post|
|6th President of the American Institute of Architects|
|Preceded by||Daniel H. Burnham|
|Succeeded by||Henry Van Brunt|
December 15, 1837|
Manhattan, New York
November 28, 1913 (aged 75)|
Bernardsville, New Jersey
Alice Matilda Stone
Joel Browne Post|
Abby Mauran Church
George Browne Post (December 15, 1837 – November 28, 1913) was an American architect trained in the Beaux-Arts tradition. Many of his most characteristic projects were for commercial buildings where new requirements pushed the traditional boundaries of design. Many of them have also been demolished, since their central locations in New York and other cities made them vulnerable to rebuilding in the twentieth century. Some of his lost buildings were regarded as landmarks of their era. His eight-story Equitable Life Assurance Society (1868–70), was the first office building designed to use elevators; Post himself leased the upper floors when contemporaries predicted they could not be rented. His Western Union Telegraph Building (1872–75) at Dey Street in Lower Manhattan, was the first office building to rise as high as ten stories, a forerunner of skyscrapers to come. When it was erected in "Newspaper Row" facing City Hall Park, Post's twenty-story New York World Building (1889–90) was the tallest building in New York City.
Following his graduation from New York University, Post became a student of Richard Morris Hunt from 1858 to 1860. In 1860, he formed a partnership with a fellow-student in Hunt's office, Charles D. Gambrill, with a brief hiatus for service in the Civil War. Post served as the sixth president of the American Institute of Architects from 1896 to 1899.
Among the prominent private houses by Post were the French chateau for Cornelius Vanderbilt II (1879–82) that once stood at Fifth Avenue and 57th Street (that was photographed by Albert Levy while being built), and the palazzo that faced it across the street, for Collis P. Huntington (1889–94). In Newport, Rhode Island he built for the president of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, C.C. Baldwin, "Chateau-Nooga" or the Baldwin Cottage (1879–80), a polychromatic exercise in the "Quaint Style" with bargeboards and half-timbering; John La Farge provided stained glass panels. He also designed more staid public and semi-public structures including the New York Stock Exchange Building, the Bronx Borough Hall and the Wisconsin State Capitol.
A true member of the American Renaissance, Post engaged notable artists and artisans to add decorative sculpture and murals to his architectural designs. Among those who worked with Post were the sculptor Karl Bitter and painter Elihu Vedder. Post was a founding member of the National Arts Club, serving as president from 1898 to 1905. In 1905, his two sons were taken into the partnership, and they continued to lead the firm after Post's death, notably as the designers of many Statler Hotels in cities across the United States. From that time forward, the firm carried on under the stewardship of Post's grandson, Edward Everett Post (1904–2006)  until the late twentieth century.
Sarah Bradford Landau's publication George B. Post, Architect: Picturesque Designer and Determined Realist (1998) inspired a retrospective exhibition in 1998–99 to revisit Post's work at the Society. In 2014, curator, architect George Ranalli presented an exhibition of Post's drawings and photographs of the design of the City College of New York's main campus buildings, on loan from the New York Historical Society.
He married Alice Matilda Stone (1840-1909) on October 14, 1863. They had five children: George Browne, Jr., William Stone, Allison Wright, James Otis and Alice Winifred.
Selected works by George B. Post
- High Bridge Reformed Church, High Bridge, New Jersey, 1869
- Bonner-Marquand Gymnasium, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (1869–1870), demolished in 1907.
- The original Williamsburgh Savings Bank, Brooklyn, New York, 1870-1875. Solidly classicizing and capped with a dome, "it might easily have been prepared in the nineties. Indeed it prefigures McKim's famous Columbia Library", Henry-Russell Hitchcock noted in his biography of H.H. Richardson
- Troy Savings Bank, Troy, New York, 1875
- Brooklyn Historical Society, Brooklyn, New York, 1878–1880, Romanesque revival building employing architectural terracotta, originally named Long Island Historical Society
- New York Post Building, in which a deep central recess provided light and air to the interiors, a feature that quickly became standard for large commercial structures, 1880-1881
- Mills Building, New York City, 1881–1883, called "the first modern office building", on a two-story base, the upper eight floors reached by ten elevators, it used architectural terracotta panels, which Post had helped to introduce to the United States, and eliminated the conventional mansard roofline
- New York Produce Exchange (1881–84) at 2 Broadway faced Bowling Green. Its grand skylighted hall, based on French retail structures, cast daylight into the lower floors. It was demolished in 1957.
- Produce Exchange (razed), New York City, in a modified neo-Renaissance mode that clad an interior iron skeletal framing, 1881-1885, razed 1957
- New York Cotton Exchange (razed), New York City, 1883–1885
- Mortimer Building (razed), New York City, 1885
- New York World Building, or Pulitzer Building, New York City, at the time of its completion the tallest building in the world, 1889-1890
- New York Times Building, 41 Park Row, New York City, 1888–89
- Union Trust Building (razed), 78-82 Broadway, New York City, 1889–1890
- The Prudential Buildings, Newark, New Jersey, 1894, Romanesque, one for many years the largest in the state
- Erie County Savings Bank building, Buffalo, New York, 1893, in Romanesque Revival. Destroyed in 1968.
- Park Building, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1896, remodeled in the 1960s
- Bronx Borough Hall, Bronx, NY, 1897
- St. Paul Building, New York City, 1898
- New York Stock Exchange, New York City, 1901–1903
- City College of New York Campus, New York City, 1903–1907, in Gothic Revival style
- Old Montreal Stock Exchange Building, Montreal, Quebec, 1904, now housing the Centaur Theatre
- The Wisconsin State Capitol, Madison, Wisconsin, 1906
- Cleveland Trust Company Building, Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 1908
- Pontiac Hotel, Oswego, New York, 1912
- "Geo. B. Post Dead; Noted Architect. Designer of New York Stock Exchange and Many Famous Buildings Was Almost 76. Planned Vanderbilt Home. Awarded Gold Medal of American Institute of Architects in 1910. Also Honored by France". New York Times. 1913-11-29.
George B. Post, founder of the firm of George B. Post Son, architects of 101 Park Avenue and designer of many famous buildings in this city and throughout the ...
- Winston Weisman, "The Commercial Architecture of George B. Post" The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 31.3 (October 1972), pp. 176-203. Many details in this article are drawn from Weisman's sketch of Post's career.
- "George B. Post". Retrieved 2014-08-22.
An architect, died November 28, 1913, at his summer home in Bernardsville, New Jersey. He was born December 15, 1837 in New York City. ...
- Weisman 1972:176
- "Paid Notice: Deaths
POST, EDWARD EVERETT". New York Times. 2006-09-05. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- "Guide to the Jennings Photograph Collection 1858-1957". The New-York Historical Society. 2003. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- Gray, Christopher (12 January 2014). "Streetscapes: City College -The Very Model of a University". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- George Ranalli (2013). City University of New York, ed. "Building the modern Gothic : George Post at City College" (exh. cat.). New York, NY: CUNY: 53 pages : chiefly illustrations (some color), portraits, plans, facsimiles ; 26 cm. OCLC 871036277.
- Post's numerous other positions of honor are noted in Weisman 1972:176.
- "HB Reformed Church :: History". www.hbreformedchurch.org.
- Landau, Sarah Bradford, George B. Post: Picturesque Designer and Determined Realist, the Monacelli Press, New York, 1998
- George B. Post at the archINFORM database
Media related to George B. Post at Wikimedia Commons