George Barton House
Darwin D. Martin House Complex
|Location||118 Summit Avenue, Buffalo, NY|
|Built||1903 - 1904|
|Architect||Frank Lloyd Wright|
|Architectural style||Prairie School|
|NRHP Reference #||86000160|
|Added to NRHP||February 24, 1986 |
|Designated NHL||February 24, 1986|
The George F. Barton House was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, built between 1903 & 1904, and is located at 118 Summit Avenue in Buffalo, New York. The Barton House is part of the larger Darwin D. Martin House Complex, considered to be one of the most important projects from Wright's Prairie School era.
The complex was commissioned by Darwin D. Martin an entrepreneur who worked at the Larkin Soap Company. The site was purchased by Martin in 1902 as a location where he planned to build two houses, one for himself, and one for his sister, Delta Martin Barton, and her husband, George F. Barton.
Martin and Barton were colleagues at the Larkin Company, and Wright also designed houses for other Larkin employees William R. Heath and Walter V. Davidson, as well as the Larkin Company's administration building.
Of the Martin Complex's six buildings construction on the Barton House began first and not only was it the first building of the complex to be completed but also the first of Wright's in Buffalo.
The Barton House is on the north east corner of the complex.
The basic floor plan is cruciform, with the principal living spaces concentrated in the center two-story portion of the house where the reception, living and dining areas open into each other. The two main bedrooms are on the second story, at either end of a narrow hall. The kitchen is at the north end, behind the main stairway, while an open porch is to the south.
The Martin House Restoration Corporation operates guided public tours and presents educational programs for both volunteers and the general public.
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Darwin D. Martin House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-09-11.
- Tafel, Edgar (1985). Years with Frank Lloyd Wright: Apprentice to Genius. Courier Dover Publications. p. 83.
- Darwin Martin House Complex: Reference Sheet Archived March 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Banham, Reyner; Kowsky, Francis R. (1981). Buffalo Architecture. Buffalo Architectural Guidebook Corporation. pp. 195–197.
- Complex Model at www.buffaloah.com
- Official website
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NY-5611, "Darwin D. Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo, Erie County, NY", 15 photos, 27 measured drawings, 14 data pages
- Graycliff Official Site, member of the Great Lakes Seaway Trail