George Charles Boldt Sr.
|President of the Waldorf–Astoria Hotel Company|
|Succeeded by||George Charles Boldt Jr.|
Georg Karl Boldt
April 25, 1851
Bergen auf Rügen, Prussia
|Died||December 5, 1916 (aged 65)|
Manhattan, New York City
|Spouse(s)||Louise Augusta Kehrer|
|Children||George Charles Boldt Jr. |
Clover Louise Boldt
George Charles Boldt Sr. (April 25, 1851 – December 5, 1916) was a Prussian-born American hotelier. A self-made millionaire, he influenced the development of the urban hotel as a civic social center and luxury destination.
Life and career
He was born as Georg Karl Boldt in Bergen auf Rügen, Prussia, on April 25, 1851.[a] He immigrated to the United States in 1864. He began as a kitchen worker in New York and, at age 25, was hired (by his future father-in-law) to manage the dining room of Philadelphia's most exclusive gentlemen's club, The Philadelphia Club.
Boldt's first hotel was the Bellevue (1881), at the northwest corner of Broad & Walnut Streets, in Philadelphia. He soon bought a competing hotel, the Stratford, at the southwest corner. Two decades later, on the site of the Stratford, he built the largest hotel the city had ever seen, the 1,090-room Bellevue-Stratford Hotel (1902–04, now the Park Hyatt).
The enormous fortunes generated by robber barons in the post-Civil War Era led to an unprecedented level of luxurious living for wealthy Americans. Boldt catered to this new super-rich class, charging the highest prices for the very best, and becoming one of them in the process.
William Waldorf Astor built the Waldorf Hotel (1890–93) in New York City, with Boldt as proprietor. John Jacob Astor IV built the adjoining Astoria Hotel (1897). Boldt mediated between the feuding millionaire cousins, leasing the Astoria himself, and merging the two buildings under his management as the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.[b] The Empire State Building now occupies its site at 34th Street and 5th Avenue. He is credited with popularizing Thousand Island dressing at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, where he instructed the maître d', Oscar Tschirky, to include it on the menu. The hotel introduced other popular food items, such as Waldorf Salad. Boldt also owned the Waldorf Astoria Segar Company, which imported fine Cuban cigars and was located at the hotel.[c]
He built Boldt Castle on an island in the Thousand Islands area of New York State. The enormous castle was intended as a gift for his wife, Louise Kehrer Boldt, but when she died suddenly in 1904, construction was halted. The castle, near Alexandria Bay, was restored after decades of vandalism and is now a major summer tourist attraction.
Boldt once owned Nikola Tesla's Wardenclyffe Tower property, receiving it as payment for a debt. Tesla mortgaged the property to Boldt and the Waldorf-Astoria to pay the costs of his residence at the hotel when he encountered financial difficulties. Tesla did so first in 1904 and again in 1908; he was unable to repay the mortgages. Boldt and the Waldorf-Astoria foreclosed on the property in 1915.[d]
He was a trustee of Cornell University. In 1923, Boldt's daughter, Mrs. Alfred G. Miles, donated US$50,000 to the university for the construction of Boldt Tower to honor her father's memory. Boldt Hall is also named for him. Three bricks from the original structure of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel were incorporated into the building. Saying that his father always sympathized with an eager student whose only impediment to higher education was a lack of funds, Boldt's son George C. Boldt Jr. established a scholarship program at Cornell bearing his father's name in 1922.[e]
During his lifetime, Boldt was a frequent donor to Cornell University, the American Red Cross, many local hospitals and built a library at Alexandria Bay, New York.[f] Boldt also helped put at least 75 young men through college, doing this anonymously. He also assisted those in business who were having financial difficulties and told employees at his hotels if they were having monetary problems, his door was always open to them.
Boldt's will equally divided US$15 million between his son and daughter, with a request to his children that they continue to financially support the charities he had donated to in the past. While the will gave his children the right to dispose of any or all of Boldt's properties, they made no plans to sell any of their father's holdings, with George Charles Boldt Jr. assuming the presidency of the company his father began.
From his marriage to Louise Augusta Kehrer, he had two children: George Charles Boldt Jr. and Clover Louise Boldt, later Mrs. Alfred Graham Miles, and three granddaughters.
George C. Boldt Monument, Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York).
- His US passport application says it was Ribnitz-Damgarten, Germany.
- At the time of his death, Boldt was the sole owner of the Waldorf Astoria Hotel Company, which held the lease on the Waldorf-Astoria property.
- At the time of his death, the Waldorf Astoria Segar Company was valued at $US 1 million.
- After the foreclosure on Wardenclyffe Tower, Tesla continued to live at the Waldorf. Tesla, who had lived at the hotel for fifteen years, was evicted in 1917 after continued complaints from the hotel's maid staff about unpleasant odors and a large amount of pigeon droppings in the room Tesla occupied. Tesla visited local parks, rescuing injured pigeons and nursing them back to health in his hotel room. As he was being evicted, Tesla received a bill for his unpaid rent and room service that totalled more than $US 19,000.
- George C. Boldt died on January 26, 1965.
- Both Boldt and Oscar Tschirky sent their sons to college at Cornell.
- "George Boldt Dies. Genius Of Waldorf. First of Modern Landlords Is Stricken in the Hotel He Made Famous. Starting as an Immigrant Boy, He Built Fortune on New Standards of Hospitality" (PDF). New York Times. December 6, 1916. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "Georg Karl Boldt" (in German). Heimat-Bild-Verlag. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- "George Charles Boldt Sr. passport application". 1889. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
- McCarthy & Rutherford 1931, pp. 30-31.
- "Boldt Millions To Son and Daughter" (PDF). New York Times. December 13, 1916. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- Tauranac 2014, pp. 112–115.
- Winter 1997, p. 106.
- Tesla & Anderson 2002, p. 185.
- Cooper 2015, p. 59.
- "Tesla, Master of Lightning". PBS. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- Earle, Corey Ryan (Winter 2013). "Cornell and the Big Apple go way back". Ezra Magazine (Cornell University). Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Cornell Gets $50,000 For G. C. Boldt Tower. Mrs. Alfred G. Miles of New York Makes Gift as Memorial to Her Father". The New York Times. June 17, 1923. Retrieved September 5, 2015.(subscription only)
- "Cornell History:Boldt Hall Dedicated". Cornell University. December 13, 1932. Retrieved September 5, 2015.
- "Boldt Prizes Go To Students Who Need Funds". Cornell Daily Sun. April 24, 1923. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2015.(PDF)
- "George C. Boldt '05, Donor Of Boldt Scholarships, Dies". Cornell Daily Sun. February 11, 1958. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2015.(PDF)
- Cooper, Christopher (2015). The Truth About Tesla: The Myth of the Lone Genius in the History of Innovation. Race Point Publishing. ISBN 978-1-6310-6030-4.
- McCarthy, James Remington & Rutherford, John (1931). Peacock Alley: The Romance of the Waldorf-Astoria. New York: Harper & Brothers.
- Tauranac, John (March 21, 2014). The Empire State Building: The Making of a Landmark. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-7109-4.
- Tesla, Nikola; Anderson, Leland I. (2002). Nikola Tesla on His Work with Alternating Currents and Their Application to Wireless Telegraphy, Telephony, and Transmission of Power: An Extended Interview. 21st Century Books. ISBN 978-1-8938-1701-2.
- Winter, Robert (1997). Toward a Simpler Way of Life: The Arts & Crafts Architects of California. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-5202-0916-9.
- Malo, Paul. Boldt Castle: In Search of the Lost Story. Fulton, N.Y.: Laurentian Press, 2001.