George Bowes (rebel)

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Sir George Bowes (1517–1545) was an English commander in border warfare. He was knighted for his services during the Burning of Edinburgh (1544).

Early life[edit]

Bowes was the son of Sir Ralph Bowes of Dalden, Streatlam, and South Cowton, and Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Clifford, 10th Baron de Clifford. He married Muriel the daughter of Lord Eure.

In the "Rough Wooing"[edit]

From a young age, Bowes took part in border warfare against Scotland. At the start of the war of the Rough Wooing, he went with Lord Hertford and participated in the devastating raid on Edinburgh in 1544, and was knighted at Leith on 11 May.

Rebellion and death[edit]

In November 1544 Bowes seized Coldingham Priory. This act of rebellion worked temporarily in his favour.[1] The English Privy Council announced to the Earl of Shrewsbury who was the Lieutenant-General in the North, that it was Henry VIII's intention to confer on him a barony.[2] Bowes, however was then taken prisoner, early in 1545, and the barony was not granted.[1]

Bowes returned from Scotland, and died at the end of 1545 in Alnwick, leaving no male heir.


  1. ^ a b Phillips, Gervase. "Bowes, George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3049.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Talbot Papers, in Illustrations of the Reign of Queen Mary, Maitland Club, p. 171.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Bowes, George (1517-1556)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.